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LINGUIST List 23.4633

Mon Nov 05 2012

Books: Indefinite Objects: López

Editor for this issue: Danniella Hornby <daniellalinguistlist.org>

Date: 31-Oct-2012
From: David Weininger <dgwmit.edu>
Subject: Indefinite Objects: López
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Title: Indefinite Objects
Subtitle: Scrambling, Choice Functions, and Differential Marking
Series Title: Linguistic Inquiry Monographs

Publication Year: 2012
Publisher: MIT Press

Book URL: http://mitpress.mit.edu/9780262517850

Author: Luis López

Hardback: ISBN: 9780262018036 Pages: 184 Price: U.S. $ 60
Paperback: ISBN: 9780262517850 Pages: 184 Price: U.S. $ 30


In Indefinite Objects, Luis López presents a novel approach to the syntax-semantics interface using indefinite noun phrases as a database. Traditional approaches map structural configurations to semantic interpretations directly; López links configuration to a mode of semantic composition, with the latter yielding the interpretation. The polyvalent behavior of indefinites has long been explored by linguists who have been interested in their syntax, semantics, and case morphology, and López's contribution can be seen as a synthesis of findings from several traditions. He argues, first, that scrambled indefinite objects are composed by means of Function Application preceded by Choice Function while objects in situ are composed by means of Restrict. This difference yields the different interpretive possibilities of indefinite objects. López's more nuanced approach to the syntax-semantics interface turns out to be rich in empirical consequences. Second, he proposes that short scrambling also yields Differential Marking, provided that context conditions are fulfilled, while in situ objects remain unmarked. Thus, López contributes to the extensive literature on Differential Object Marking by showing that syntactic configuration is a crucial factor. López substantiates this approach with data from Spanish, Hindi-Urdu, Persian (Farsi), Kiswahili, Romanian, and German.

Linguistic Field(s): Semantics

Subject Language(s): German (deu)
Persian, Iranian (pes)
Romanian (ron)
Spanish (spa)
Swahili (swh)

Written In: English (eng)

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