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LINGUIST List 23.4881

Fri Nov 23 2012

Books: Explaining Register and Sociolinguistic Variation in the Lexicon: Corpus Studies on Dutch: Keune

Editor for this issue: Danniella Hornby <daniellalinguistlist.org>

Date: 20-Nov-2012
From: Mariëtte Bonenkamp <lotuu.nl>
Subject: Explaining Register and Sociolinguistic Variation in the Lexicon: Corpus Studies on Dutch: Keune
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Title: Explaining Register and Sociolinguistic Variation in the Lexicon:
Corpus Studies on Dutch
Series Title: LOT dissertation series

Publication Year: 2012
Publisher: Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics / Landelijke - LOT

Author: Karen Keune

Paperback: ISBN: 9789460930904 Pages: Price: Europe EURO


This study combines the fields of sociolinguistics and corpus linguistics in
investigating global lexical variation in two large corpora. It expands the
knowledge on the role of register and sociolinguistic factors (country,
gender, age, and education level) in shaping the way lexical characteristics
vary in both written and spoken Dutch. The study specifically targets lexical
productivity and derivational morphology. In corpus linguistics the emphasis is on the
effects of register on global text characteristics. The emphasis in
variationist studies in sociolinguistics is on the impact of social factors on
specific linguistic variables. The combination of these fields proves to be
successful: Both language use and the language user emerge as important
sources of lexical variation. Concerning register, the highest derivational
and lexical productivity are found in the most formal registers of spoken and
written Dutch. Concerning social factors, the most important finding on
differences between the Netherlands and Flanders is that variation patterns
are primarily word-bound, and can probably be traced back to divergent lexical
choices in expressing specific concepts. A high derivational and lexical
productivity, a high Type-Token Ratio, and a high proportion of nouns, all
characteristics of a more `informational’ speech style, characterize men’s
speech. A high proportion of verbs and most common words, typical of a more
`involved’ speech style, characterize women’s speech. Older highly educated
speakers are most productive, mainly in situations that evoke the use of more
`informational’ language, indicating that a speaker’s lexical knowledge
increases during the lifetime.

Linguistic Field(s): Sociolinguistics
Text/Corpus Linguistics

Subject Language(s): Dutch (nld)

Written In: English (eng)

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