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LINGUIST List 23.4901

Sat Nov 24 2012

Books: The Noun Phrase in the Languages of South America: Krasnoukhova

Editor for this issue: Danniella Hornby <daniellalinguistlist.org>

Date: 20-Nov-2012
From: Mariƫtte Bonenkamp <lotuu.nl>
Subject: The Noun Phrase in the Languages of South America: Krasnoukhova
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Title: The Noun Phrase in the Languages of South America
Series Title: LOT dissertation series

Publication Year: 2012
Publisher: Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics / Landelijke - LOT

Author: Olga Krasnoukhova

Paperback: ISBN: 9789460930843 Pages: Price: Europe EURO


This dissertation presents the first cross-linguistic study of the Noun Phrase
in the indigenous languages of South America. It builds upon a considerable
amount of data that have recently become available for languages in this
continent. Based on a sample of 55 languages, this study gives a novel account
of the syntactic, morphosyntactic, and semantic properties of the NP. For
example, the
analysis shows that personal pronouns commonly receive the same possessive
markers as nominal possessors, which implies that a fully grammaticalized
category of possessive pronouns is rare in South American languages. In
addition, the new South American data only partly confirm typological claims
for tendencies in the NP domain. For instance, a morphologically distinct
class of adjectives is found in many languages of the sample; however, this
class is often small, and the dominant way to encode property concepts is with
verbs. Finally, this study also includes a discussion of the geographic
patterning of structural features in the NP, evaluating the assumption that
there is a major typological split between so-called Andean and Amazonian
languages. The analysis shows that most of the features cannot be attributed
to either of these larger areas. It also demonstrates, however, that there is
some evidence for a broad structural division of languages into the western
part of the continent (corresponding to the Andean sphere) and the rest of the
continent. One of the features that define this split is the parameter of

Linguistic Field(s): Language Documentation

Written In: English (eng)

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