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LINGUIST List 23.5105

Thu Dec 06 2012

Books: Underlying Representations: Krämer

Editor for this issue: Rebekah McClure <rebekahlinguistlist.org>

Date: 29-Nov-2012
From: Joyce Reid <jreidcambridge.org>
Subject: Underlying Representations: Krämer
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Title: Underlying Representations
Series Title: Key Topics in Phonology

Publication Year: 2012
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Book URL: http://www.cambridge.org/us/knowledge/isbn/item6796337/Underlying%20Representations/?site_locale=en_US

Author: Martin Krämer

Hardback: ISBN: 9780521192774 Pages: 276 Price: U.S. $ 99.00
Paperback: ISBN: 9780521180030 Pages: 276 Price: U.S. $ 36.99


At the heart of generative phonology lies the assumption that the sounds of
every language have abstract underlying representations, which undergo various
changes in order to generate the 'surface' representations; that is, the
sounds we actually pronounce. The existence, status and form of underlying
representations have been hotly debated in phonological research since the
introduction of the phoneme in the nineteenth century. This book provides a
comprehensive overview of theories of the mental representation of the sounds
of language. How does the mind store and process phonological representations?
Krämer surveys the development of the concept of underlying representation
over the last 100 years or so within the field of generative phonology. He
considers phonological patterns, psycholinguistic experiments, statistical
generalisations over data corpora and phenomena such as hypercorrection. The
book offers a new understanding of contrastive features and proposes a
modification of the optimality-theoretic approach to the generation of
underlying representations.

Table of Contents

1. Getting started
2. Arbitrariness and opposition
3. Derivation and abstractness
4. Underspecification returns
5. The devil is in the detail: usage-based phonology
6. Psycho- and neurolinguistic evidence
7. On the form and contents of contrastive features
8. Underlying representations in optimality theory
9. Preliminary results.

Linguistic Field(s): Phonology

Written In: English (eng)

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