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LINGUIST List 24.2057

Wed May 15 2013

Confs: General Linguistics/Brazil

Editor for this issue: Anna Belew <annalinguistlist.org>

Date: 14-May-2013
From: Miguel Oliveira, Jr. <miguelfale.ufal.br>
Subject: 4th Brazilian Colloquium on Speech Prosody
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4th Brazilian Colloquium on Speech Prosody

Date: 16-Oct-2013 - 24-Oct-2013
Location: Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil
Contact: Miguel Oliveira
Contact Email: < click here to access email >
Meeting URL: http://www.fale.ufal.br/posgraduacao/ppgll/ivcbpf/eng/

Linguistic Field(s): General Linguistics

Meeting Description:

The Brazilian Colloquium on Speech Prosody biannual series started with the goal of bringing together a growing community of Brazilian researchers interested in the interdisciplinary field of prosody. Together with the parallel event series Brazilian Prosody School, the Colloquium has been establishing itself as an important venue for presenting original research results to an audience of interdisciplinary researchers. Now, in its fourth edition, the Colloquium will take place in Maceió, located in beautiful northeastern Brazilian coast, in an effort to bring together more established research groups to emergent groups from this area. In this edition, the Colloquium will host, for the first time, a satellite event dedicated to offer 12-hour courses taught by internationally acclaimed researchers in nine areas that have an interface with speech prosody, such as language teaching, forensic science, and emotion research, among others. With this edition, the Organizing Committee hopes to reinforce the Colloquium’s position as the most important event in the field of speech prosody in Brazil and hopes to attract international attention to the research in the field of speech prosody developed in Brazil.

Colloquium: October, 16-18
Each day will start with a keynote lecture, followed by presentation sessions in both the mornings and afternoons, organized by topic. There will be overlap between sessions so that participants can attend all presentations.

Satellite event: October, 21-24
The satellite event will host nine 12-hour courses on interdisciplinary topics. The target audience includes, but is not limited to, students in Linguistics, Speech Therapy, Law and Computer Science graduate programs. A maximum of 30 places will be available for each course.

Course 01: Prosody and Conversation

Instructor: Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen

Syllabus: This course will introduce students to a perspective on prosody as a resource for conducting everyday conversation. Readings will deal with, e.g., manipulations of pitch, loudness, sound and syllable length, rhythm, tempo, pause, voice quality and phonation as they are deployed in the production of talk-in- interaction for dealing with four conversational tasks: turn construction, turn-taking, action formation and sequence organization. The focus will be on English prosody, with isolated examples from German and Finnish.

Keywords: phonetics, pragmatics, conversation analysis, sociology, social communication, human-machine interaction.

Course 02: Prosody and Discourse

Instructor: Anne Wichmann

Syllabus: the course will cover the following subjects: (i) prosody and text structure - cohesion, topic structure and parentheticals; (ii) prosody and information structure, prosody and pragmatic implicature and discourse markers and grammaticalisation processes; (iii) Variation - speaking styles and social and regional variation and (iv) applications of discourse prosody - speech technology (ASR), clinical (a.g. autism, hearing impairment) and forensic (e.g. conflict resolution, courtroom).

Keywords: phonetics, discourse analysis, text linguistics, pragmatics, linguistic variation, social communication, sociology, speech technology, law and healthcare.

Course 03: Audiovisual prosody in Human-Human and Human-Machine Interactions

Instructor: Marc Swerts

Syllabus: Prosody, including features like intonation, rhythm and pause, are used by speakers and listeners for a whole range of communicative functions. In addition, it has been shown that facial expressions and other forms of nonverbal communication, can serve similar purposes as well. Indeed, in most of their spoken interactions, dialogue partners can both hear and see each other. Therefore, it is only natural that interlocutors not only pay attention to information they exchange through the auditory channel, but also take into account visual cues. In this course, I will present results of research that show how audiovisual expressions (prosodic cues in combination with facial expressions) are exploited for highlighting important pieces of information, for signaling whether a dialogue is running smoothly or not, for marking emotionally sensitive information and even for trying to deceive other people. These results are primarily based on studies of human-human interactions, where specific techniques were used that ensure that the analysed data were ecologically valid. In addition, I will discuss how audiovisual expressions are useful for improving the naturalness and efficiency of human-machine interactions, as an interface between the human and the machine.

Keywords: phonetics, visual prosody, emotion, expressiveness, conversation analysis, pragmatics, speech technology, telecommunication engineering, human-machine interaction.

Course 04: Prosody-Syntax Interface in a Laboratory Phonology Approach

Instructor: Mariapaola d'Imperio

Syllabus: The goal of this course is to prepare to engage in experimental investigations of questions related to linguistic theory, focusing on the prosody/syntax/information structure interface. This course will deal with major aspects of prosody/syntax interface in Romance languages, with a special look at Italian and French. Both phonological and phonetic aspects of phrasing will be presented. Different phonetic and psycholinguistic studies on prosody and parsing will also be presented. Information structure (Focus and Contrastive Topic) will also be covered in this course. Hands-on activities will be conducted with the students, such as prosodic break annotation and resynthesis, with the aim to give them the tools to perform independent research on the production and perception of phrasing. The minicourse will consist of 4 2-hour lectures, followed by 1-hour hands-on exercises (we will mainly use Praat and R).

Keywords: syntax, speech technology, speech synthesis, telecommunication engineering, automatic speech recognition.

Course 05: Prosody and Emotions/Attitudes

Instructor: Albert Rilliard

Syllabus: This course will address different aspects of prosodic variation linked to expressive behaviours during face-to-face communication. Starting with the description of acoustic parameters found in expressive voice, and the code that ties these parameters to meaning, the course aims at distinguishing between different levels of affects that have increasingly stronger ties with languages. Thus the influence of language on social affects is reviewed. Cross-cultural studies are described in order to give an overview of the complexity of prosodic expressivity. Finally, a few experimental paradigms are detailed, in order to show how they can help scientists to evaluate the performance of a given function in prosodic variations. Having a computer, with the R and PRAAT software installed, may help for demonstrations.

Keywords: phonetics, visual prosody, emotion, expressiveness, social communication, linguistic variation, telecommunication engineering, speech technology, human-machine interaction.

Course 06: Prosody and Typology

Instructor: Carlos Gussenhoven

Syllabus: The course will be divided in four parts: (i) introduction to the autosegmental-metrical model (phonology and phonetics, tones and targets, targets and interpolations, lexical and intonational tones); (ii) word prosody, stress and tone in word prosodic structures (only stress, only tone, and both stress and tone), two meanings of pitch accent (only one of which is meaningful), pitch accents assigned to the phrase; (iii) languages with little or no prosodic structure (there are different ways of having no word prosody. French appears to have more structure than Malay. Lack of contrastive word prominence and experimental ''stress deafness''. Languages with minimal prosodic structure); (iv) language with both stress and tone (are languages that have both word word stress and lexical tone restricted to contact languages? The case of European stress-and-tone languages).

Keywords: phonology, typology, lignuistic theory, linguistic description and linguistic variation.

Course 07: Prosody and Law

Instructor: Lorna Fadden

Syllabus: In this four-part program on prosody and law, Fadden will discuss areas of her own research as well as that of her colleagues in forensic linguistics, focussing on the prosodic properties of speech as it occurs in legal discourse. Part I: prodosy and deception; part II: prosody and police interviews; part III: prosody and sociolinguistic variation and part IV: prosody and courtroom discourse.

Keywords: phonetics, law, criminal investigation, discourse analysis, sociolinguistic variation, sociology, social communication, speech technology.

Course 08: Prosody and Speech Therapy (in Portuguese)

Instructor: Zuleica Camargo

Descrição: Este curso tem como objetivo ilustrar, por meio de registros de fala, a importância da descrição clínica da qualidade vocal com base em correlações das esferas acústica, perceptiva e fisiológica, respaldada em modelo de natureza fonética. Desta forma, reforça a importância do entrelaçamento da Prosódia e da Fonoaudiologia no detalhamento dos eventos pertinentes à fascinante condição de sonorização do aparelho fonador humano e ao esforço por compreensão das variadas manifestações que se fazem presentes no ambiente clínico. Entre os conteúdos estão os seguintes tópicos: (i) qualidade de voz como elemento prosódico; (ii) o modelo fonético de descrição da qualidade vocal e o roteiro VPAS; (iii) os ajustes de qualidade de voz: (iv) aspectos perceptivos, acústicos e fisiológicos de manifestações presentes na clínica fonoaudiológica. A metodologia consistirá em aula expositiva com demonstração de áudios e vídeos com ajustes de qualidades vocais; ilustração com dados de técnicas instrumentais e vivência na produção de ajustes e na análise perceptiva.

Keywords: phonetics, phonology, speech disorders, healthcare, social communication

Course 09: Prosody and Intonation in the teaching of Foreign Languages (English, French and Spanish) in the Brazilian Context (in Portuguese)

Instructor: Juan Sosa

Syllabus: This course is intended for Brazilian instructors and learners of foreign languages such as English, French and Spanish and will establish the most relevant prosodic features of these languages in contrast with Brazilian Portuguese. The focus will be on those aspects that convey semantic and pragmatic meanings as well as speaker’s attitude, such as intonational structure, melodic patterns and tone of voice. The course is practical in nature and will consist of 12 hours of contact. Some topics to be discussed include the modal distinction between statements and questions in those languages, the analysis and description of recurrent tunes and contours in greetings and dialogue, and the notation systems that have been proposed from a theoretical as well as a pedagogical perspective. The course will be given in Portuguese.

Keywords: second language teaching, applied linguistics, sociolinguistics variation



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