LINGUIST List 24.3065|
Mon Jul 29 2013
Diss: Morphology: Taylor: 'Formal Relationships in the Paradigm: A functional approach with a focus on the Romance verb'
Editor for this issue: Xiyan Wang
From: Catherine Taylor <internetpandammonium.org>
Subject: Formal Relationships in the Paradigm: A functional approach with a focus on the Romance verb
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Institution: University of Essex
Program: MPhil/PhD in Linguistics
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2013
Author: Catherine Taylor
Dissertation Title: Formal Relationships in the Paradigm: A functional approach with a focus on the Romance verb
Andrew J Spencer
This thesis investigates the stem concept within inferential-realisational
morphology, especially paradigm function morphology (PFM; Stump 2001b), a
stem and paradigm (SP) model (Blevins 2003: 742). The base of a word in a
paradigm cell is a stem. The distribution of stems may not coincide with
morphosyntactic property values, so it is not possible to successfully
associate meaning to stems: stems are morphomic. Stems may also be the base
of another stem, which is therefore complex. Each paradigm cell contains a
morphome, which maps a lexeme to i phonetic strings, where i ≥ 0, realising
the cell’s morphosyntactic properties (Aronoff 1994).
One theory based on the morphomic stem is PFM. However, whereas PFM is
fully able to form simple morphomic stems, some reformulation is required
to enable complex morphomic stem formation. The aim of this thesis is to
perform that reformulation.
To test the reformulation, data with complex stems were required, entailing
that the data be segmented into stem plus affixes. No consistent procedure
existed, so a procedure was devised, based on the distribution of phonetic
substrings throughout each system. The strictly morphomic stem hypothesis
(Spencer 2012) was used to assign components as stem or affix.
The stem rules of PFM were replaced by a stem formation function (SF), a
morphomic analogue of the paradigm function: the morphomic index replaces
the morphosyntactic property index. The SF is invoked upon stem selection.
If the stem is simple, the morphomic analogue of stem selection rules
selects the stem base; subsequent rule blocks do nothing. If the stem is
complex, the first block selects a stem and the subsequent blocks add
further phonetic material. The PF was changed to input and output an array
of phonetic strings rather than single strings to allow PFM to model all
values of i.
Paradigm function morphology was easily modified to accommodate morphomic
stems of any complexity. This, together with permitting multiple phonetic
strings to be output, makes PFM a flexible, powerful framework with which
to perform morphological analysis.
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