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LINGUIST List 24.3186

Wed Aug 07 2013

Diss: Welsh, Syntax: Hirata: 'Preposition Stranding in Welsh'

Editor for this issue: Xiyan Wang <xiyanlinguistlist.org>

Date: 06-Aug-2013
From: Ryuichiro Hirata <ryuichirohiratagmail.com>
Subject: Preposition Stranding in Welsh
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Institution: Bangor University
Program: PhD in Linguistics
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2012

Author: Ryuichiro Hirata

Dissertation Title: Preposition Stranding in Welsh

Dissertation URL: http://ling.auf.net/lingbuzz/001868

Linguistic Field(s): Syntax

Subject Language(s): Welsh (cym)

Dissertation Director:
Maria del Carmen Parafita Couto
Dirk Bury
Pam McDonald

Dissertation Abstract:

This dissertation investigates preposition stranding observed in Colloquial
Welsh using a generative grammar approach.

Welsh traditionally disallows P-stranding. In Literary Welsh, prepositional
relatives require a resumptive pronoun which is licensed by the rich
agreement of P, and wh-questions require pied-piping of the entire PP.
However, the use of uninflected stranded preposition can be found
colloquially, both in relatives and wh-questions.

This dissertation proposes an account of the different syntactic behaviour
between the two varieties, based on the notion of PF feature checking
proposed by Ackema and Neeleman (2004). I claim that if PF checking takes
place between a P head and its DP complement, the DP will be unable to move
out of the complement position. This means that P-stranding is impossible.
On the other hand, if PF checking does not hold between P and its
complement, P-stranding is possible.

Chapter 1 provides theoretical assumptions and background of previous
research on P-stranding.

Chapter 2 describes wh-constructions in Welsh and investigates the
(un)availability of P-stranding in the literary and colloquial varieties.

Chapter 3 considers formal properties of Welsh resumptives. Following
Willis (2011), I assume that Welsh wh-dependencies with resumptive pronouns
obey successive cyclicity.

Chapter 4 presents the PF feature checking approach to P-stranding. I
assume that the crucial difference between the two varieties is that P in
Literary Welsh possesses AGR-features, but in Colloquial Welsh does not. I
claim that the availability of PF checking regulates the availability of
P-stranding.

Chapter 5 investigates P-stranding generalizations, observed in Abels
(2003), on pseudo-passives, clitics, verbal particles and sluicing.

Chapter 6 discusses diachronic implications of the occurrence of
P-stranding. I consider how the P-stranding option came into Welsh grammar,
using the notion of bilingual mode developed by Grosjean (2001).



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