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LINGUIST List 24.3676

Thu Sep 19 2013

Diss: Turkish, Discourse Analysis: Can: 'Conditionals in Turkish'

Editor for this issue: Xiyan Wang <xiyanlinguistlist.org>

Date: 19-Sep-2013
From: ozge can <triyandagmail.com>
Subject: Conditionals in Turkish
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Institution: Dokuz Eylül University
Program: General Linguistics
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2010

Author: Ozge Can

Dissertation Title: Conditionals in Turkish

Linguistic Field(s): Discourse Analysis

Subject Language(s): Turkish (tur)

Dissertation Director:
Prof. Dr. Lütfiye Oktar

Dissertation Abstract:

This study is based on the assumption that the discourse functions of
conditional sentences, which is a domain of interest for many fields, such
as linguistics, psychology and philosophy are determined by the positions
of the protasis and apodosis clauses. It aims to describe the conditional
sentences in Turkish in terms of their discourse features and functions.
With this aim, the answers to these questions have been sought: 'What are
the positions of the protasis and apodosis/main clauses in Turkish
conditional sentences?', 'What conditional clauses fulfill based on the
protasis and main clause?' , 'What is/are the discourse function/functions
of conditional clauses according to the positions of the protasis and
apodosis?', and 'How do this/these funciton/functions affect discourse
coherence?'. In order to answer these research questions a corpus which
consists of 8 different detective novels were studied, and these novels
were analysed according to Declerck and Reed's (2001) approach to the
conditional clauses and also Chang-Bong's (2001) studies based on Prince
(1992). The findings of our analysis are as the following: 1. In Turkish
conditional sentences protasis + apodosis order is the unmarked order. 2.
According to the unmarked order, Turkish conditional clauses mostly fulfill
the purely case-specifying function and this is done through the
conditional clauses which specify the circumstances under which the
perception of the Q (the head of a conditional clause)-situation takes
place. The results show that the conditional information can be processed
with the help of the case-specifying function of Turkish conditional
clauses which constitutes the unmarked order in the in listener/reader's
mind. According to the marked order, Turkish conditional clauses mostly
fulfill the comment function by encoding 'Hedging-P (conditional clause)
conditionals' and the speaker presents the content of the apodosis via the
functions of protasis. 3. Turkish conditionals undertakes a lot of
different discourse functions (such as 'presenting the counter idea' and
'repeating the preceding presuppositional proposition' in the unmarked
order and such as 'interpreting the preceding comment', 'making an
obligatory suggestion' and 'applying a turn-taking strategy' in the marked
order) by encoding 'inferrable information, given information + new
information' unmarked information structure order and thus, contribute to
strenghten the discourse coherence. Hence, the presuppositions that we set
forth in the beginning of our study were confirmed with the findings that
had been obtained by the corpus analysis.

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