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LINGUIST List 25.1229

Wed Mar 12 2014

A Second Stop in Western North America

Editor for this issue: Sarah Fox <sarahlinguistlist.org>

Date: 12-Mar-2014
From: LINGUIST List <linguistlinguistlist.org>
Subject: A Second Stop in Western North America
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Region 4 | Western North America | Fund Drive 2014

Along the Pacific northwest coast area is Oregon, Washington, British Columbia
and Alaska of the Unites States. The Western states include California, Oregon
and Washington. California can be divided up to Southern and Northern
California.

We start in San Francisco. The city is famous for the Golden Gate Bridge,
hilly streets and (a later cultural influx) Chinese Food. Finally we will
visit the iconic Golden Gate Bridge. Let’s hear the stories of the bridge,
take a short walking, and take some pictures around the area.

Nearby there is also the UC-Berkeley. UC-Berkeley contains the UC Berkeley
Department of Linguistics and the Phoebe A. Heart Museum of Anthropology.
Together this is the largest collection of Native American Artifacts related
to Linguistics in the world. For more info follow the link for the article.

http://oaklandnorth.net/2012/07/23/native-americans-work-to-revitalize-califor
nias-indigenous-languages/

Going north we are faced with traveling the coastline along the famous Route
101 and all it has to offer, or using a more interior route. The interior
route includes The Sierra Nevada, a mountain chain shared with Nevada. The
Sierra Nevada is home to The Sequoia National Forest, Yosemite and Lake Tahoe.

Following this route into Oregon would lead us to Crater Lake National Park
-famous for Crater Lake.

Although not in this narrow band along the coast of Oregon, visitors could go
to Crater Lake National Park, home of (you guessed it!!) Crater Lake. Made by
the collapse of the volcano Mount Mazama, the lake is famous for its deep blue
color and water clarity. At 1,943 feet (592 m), the lake is the deepest in the
United States. No rivers flow into or out of Crater Lake. Crater Lake is also
known for the "Old Man of the Lake", a full-sized tree which is now a stump
that has been bobbing vertically in the lake for more than a century.

Getting back to the theme of the tour, there are at least 8 different language
families represented in the northwest North American coast area. These
languages include: Athabascan. Tsimushian, Chinook, Tlingit, Haida, Chemakuan,
Wakashan and Salish. Of these 8, 5 have no other known language affiliations
beyond the Northwest North American Coast.

Food among the more popular foods were smoked salmon, ooligan and berries.
Salmon was often smoked or barbecued on cedar sticks and still is. Ooligan
(hooligan)- a type of salt water smelt, was harvested for its oil. The oil was
used to flavor foods and as a preservative. Today Ooligan fat is still
processed, but uses more modern techniques. Also, the ooligan (or hooligan)
run is a popular draw for the local population. They catch them, cook them and
eat them. The more daring eaters can look for “Alaskan Ice Cream”, a mix of
ooligan fat and berries, YUM!!

Stay tuned for next weeks region tour and learn about another part of the
world during our trip!
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