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LINGUIST List 25.520

Sat Feb 01 2014

Books: Non-verbal predicates and predicate movement in Hungarian: Hegedüs

Editor for this issue: Justin Petro <justinlinguistlist.org>

Date: 31-Jan-2014
From: Martine Paulissen <lotuu.nl>
Subject: Non-verbal predicates and predicate movement in Hungarian: Hegedüs
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Title: Non-verbal predicates and predicate movement in Hungarian
Series Title: LOT Dissertation series
Published: 2013
Publisher: Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics / Landelijke (LOT)

Book URL: http://bit.ly/1JUdGTw

Author: Veronika Hegedüs
Paperback: ISBN: 9789460931208 Pages: Price: Europe EURO 13.83

This study addresses the encoding of predication in language, specifically the structure of non-verbal predication in Hungarian and the combination of non-verbal predicates with the verb in syntax. It provides evidence that complex predicates are created in syntax. It is argued that Hungarian copular clauses have a uniform base-generated structure, where the copula has a Small Clause complement and the predicate of the SC forms a complex predicate with the copula. Existential and locative sentences have the same underlying structure, however, their surface word order is different and there is no complex predicate formation. Predicative adpositional phrases (PPs) also form complex predicates with verbs other than the copula. It is shown that particles are part of the extended projection of PPs, which contain projections for place and path denoting postpositions and a functional projection for particles. Particle movement to the preverbal position is therefore one of the instances of a predicative PP forming a complex predicate with the verb. Resultative and depictive secondary predicates and predicative complements of consider-type verbs are also claimed to involve a SC, with depictives being different from the other two in that they are in the structural focus position in Hungarian while the others undergo predicate movement. Predicate movement is analyzed as a way of complex predicate formation in overt syntax. Analyses previously suggested in the literature are considered, which take predicate movement and complex predicate formation either to be semantically motivated or to be a result of independently motivated movement of an internal argument.

Linguistic Field(s): Syntax

Subject Language(s): Hungarian (hun)

Written In: English (eng)

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