LINGUIST List 3.548

Fri 03 Jul 1992

FYI: Software Registry; Apresyan

Editor for this issue: <>


  1. "The Software Registry", new adress for NL Software Registry
  2. Victor Raskin, Re: Apresyan,Yu.D.

Message 1: new adress for NL Software Registry

Date: Fri, 3 Jul 92 10:16:12 +02new adress for NL Software Registry
From: "The Software Registry" <>
Subject: new adress for NL Software Registry

Dear Sirs,

the Natural Language Software Registry is now available from the
German Research Institute for Artificial Intelligence in
Saarbr"ucken. Please include the following announce in
your list/digest.

Roman Georg Arens




The Natural Language Software Registry is a catalogue of software
implementing core natural language processing techniques, whether
available on a commercial or noncommercial basis. The current
version includes

+ speech signal processors, such as the Computerized Speech Lab
 (Kay Electronics)
+ morphological analyzers, such as PC-KIMMO
 (Summer Institute for Linguistics)
+ parsers, such as Alveytools (University of Edinburgh)
+ knowledge representation systems, such as Rhet
 (University of Rochester)
+ multicomponent systems, such as ELU (ISSCO), PENMAN (ISI),
 Pundit (UNISYS), SNePS (SUNY Buffalo),
+ applications programs (misc.)

This document is available on-line via anonymous ftp to
(or:, IP, by email to, and by physical mail to the address below.
If you have developed a piece of software for natural language
processing that other researchers might find useful, you can include
it by returning the description form, available from the same sources.

Elizabeth Hinkelman, for DFKI (

	NL Software Registry
	Deutsches Forschungszentrum fuer Kuenstliche Intelligenz
	Stuhlsatzenhausweg 3
	D-W-6600 Saarbruecken, Germany


Person to contact for software (if different):
Phone (with country & area codes):
Email network & address:

Name of system:

Type of system:	research system / commercial product / other (specify)

Primary task of system: linguistic analysis / test of linguistic theory
	(specify) / text generation / machine translation / text proofing /
	database interface / other (specify)

Components (circle all that apply):
	phonological analyzer/generator		knowledge representation
	morphological analyzer/generator	discourse structure
	parser/generator			pragmatic features
	semantic interpreter			other (specify)

Components available as independent modules:
(subsequent questions may need a separate answer for each)

Components can be extended by: the developer / computational linguist /
	linguist / programmer / experienced user / new user

Data components are: firmly embedded in program / independent of program

Data provided (count, language, features):

	(Examples: 	120,000 entry wordlist for French
		 	5,000 word LFG lexicon Swahili w/ affixes, English gloss
		 	15 rule TG for Dutch cross-serial dependencies
			200 node knowledge base for AIDS case
				histories w/ 10 30-node cases.)

Data components can be extended by: the developer / computational linguist /
	linguist / programmer / experienced user / new user

Character set used for language data:
	programmable (describe)
	fixed, 16-bit -- Unicode
	fixed, 8-bit -- ISO (specify, eg ASCII+Latin II) / proprietary ASCII
	fixed, 7-bit -- ISO (specify, eg US ASCII) / extended ASCII (specify)
	other (specify)

Range of applicable natural languages (give theoretical or technical limits):

Approximate number of examples processed successfully, as a power of 10:

Specify example type: words / sentences / paragraphs / other

Its coverage level is now: demonstration / small research / large research /
	production quality / high volume

Size of system: 	lines of source code:
			kilobytes of executable:
			man years of work:

Programming language:

Operating system or hardware:

Is there a stable version of the system?

Is there continuing development?

Summarize the main goals and ideas. Indicate what makes the project
a useful and interesting tool for research applications.

List documents in which the software is described:

User documentation:

System documentation:

Available support: upgrades / source code / consulting / other

Format for software distribution:


Restrictions on use:

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Message 2: Re: Apresyan,Yu.D.

Date: Thu, 2 Jul 92 10:43:25 ESTRe: Apresyan,Yu.D.
From: Victor Raskin <>
Subject: Re: Apresyan,Yu.D. writes:
>Does anyone know anything about Yu.D.Apresyan? He has just been elected as an a
>cademician of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the department of Language and
> Literature. Unlike all the other recently elected Academicians he was not a co
>rresponding member of the Academy. Mike Berry.

I was very pleased to hear about Apresyan's election to the Academy.
Aged 61-62, Yuri is easily the best linguist of those remaining in
Russia (a whole slew left in the 1970-1980s). For over a decade in the
late 1960s-early 1970s, he was associated with Igor Mel'chuk (now of
the University of Montreal) and Alexander Zholkovsky (now of USC).
Like those two and many others, he either signed a letter against the
Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia and/or voted to disapprove at a
public meeting. That threw his career out of the mainstream and he had
to spend 15 or so years at an obscure research institute outside of
the Academy. The fact the he was half-Jewish (and half-Armenian) did
not help either.

Needless to say, he formed a first-rate research group
there and published a lot of most significant work in linguistic
semantics and lexicology. A few years ago, he and his now also eminent
associates were allowed back into the Academy's research institutions.
He and his wife visited the States and Canada in the Fall of 1988 and
lectures at numerous institutions. This latest recognition, now
largely devoid of significance (no money or power associated with it
anymore), is highly deserved. With the exception of a couple of people
(Vyacheslav Ivanov, Andrey Zaliznyak) in the section, Apresyan will
join there the people who, at the party's command, made his life and
career hell for many more years that he has left to enjoy his
elevation to their rank.

Still, great news!

Victor Raskin
Professor of English and Linguistics (317) 494-3782
Chair, Interdepartmental Program in Linguistics 494-3780 fax
Coordinator, Natural Language Processing Laboratory
Purdue University
W. Lafayette, IN 47907 U.S.A.
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