LINGUIST List 3.577

Wed 15 Jul 1992

Disc: Citing LINGUIST

Editor for this issue: <>


  1. Aki Namioka, Re: 3.575 Citing LINGUIST
  2. John Cowan, Re: 3.575 Citing LINGUIST
  3. , Re: 3.575 Citing LINGUIST

Message 1: Re: 3.575 Citing LINGUIST

Date: Tue, 14 Jul 92 13:20:42 PDRe: 3.575 Citing LINGUIST
From: Aki Namioka <>
Subject: Re: 3.575 Citing LINGUIST

In response to Christine Kamprath's message about information policy issues
and electronic information, I have a rather lenghty bibliography that
was compiled by Stacy B. Veeder in December of 1991 that covers the issue
of electronic privacy. It is attached below.

I am also aware of two non-profit organizations which have been looking
at information policy issues for a few years. They are Computer
Professionals for Social Responsibility (CPSR) and the Electronic
Frontier Foundation (EFF). The CPSR Washington D.C. office has been
using its presence in the capital to influence legislation that will
formulate consistant electronic information policy while still
preserving First amendment, privacy, and civil rights. These
activities are largely fundedby EFF.

If you want more information about either organization I will be more
than happy to converse with you individually over e-mail.

Aki Namioka
(206) 865-3229
Compiled 12/91 by Stacy B. Veeder

Betts, Mitch, "Do Laws Protect Wireless Nets?" Computerworld
 (June 17, 1991), p. 47.

"Big Brother in the Water Cooler," The Washington Times
 (September 12, 1990), p. G2.

Blickenstorfer, Conrad, "Where Does All the E-Mail Go?"
 Computerworld (July 22, 1991), p. 25.

Burke, Steven, "Electronic-Mail Privacy To Be Tested in Court in
 Suit Against Epson," PC Week (August 20, 1990), 7(33):124.

Caldwell, Bruce, "Big Brother Is Watching," Information Week
 (June 18, 1990), (275):34 (three pages).

Caldwell, Bruce, "E-Mail Privacy Issues Raised," Information Week
 (August 13, 1990), (282):14 (two pages).

Caldwell, Bruce, "Whose Mail Is It Anyway? Companies are
 Confronting the E-Mail Privacy Issue Head-On," Information Week
 (August 20, 1990), (283):53

Casatelli, Christine, "Setting Ground Rules for Privacy,"
 Computerworld (March 18, 1991), 25:47 (two pages).

"Class-Action Suit Filed Against Epson America Inc. For Invasion
 of Privacy," Business Wire (August 9, 1990).

Davis, Fred, "Beware: 'Little Brother' May Be Reading Your Mail,"
 PC Week (October 29, 1990), 7(43):198.

Eckerson, Wayne, "Privacy Suit Forces Users To Examine E-Mail
 Policies: Case Against Epson Raises Troubling Questions," Network
 World (September 17, 1990), p. 1.

Electronic Privacy Act of 1986, 18 USC Chapter 119 et seq. (P.L.
 99-508; 100 Stat. 1848).

"Epson America Inc. and Two Employees Named in Lawsuit for
 Electronic Eavesdropping and Wrongful Termination," Business Wire
 (May 23, 1990).

"Epson E-Mail: Private or Company Information," Infoworld
 (October 22, 1990), 12(43):66.

Feldman, Loren, "Epson Dumps Jackson, Lewis," The American Lawyer
 (November 1990), p. 24.

"Getting a Handle on the Boom in E-Mail Use," Communication News
 (August 1991), 28(8):9.

Holding, Reynolds, "Firms Assailed for E-Mail Monitoring," San
 Francisco Chronicle (October 3, 1991), p. A1.

H.R. Report 647, 99th Congress, 2nd Session, 62 (1986). Quoted
 in Hernandez, Ruel Torres, "ECPA and Online Computer Privacy,"
 Federal Communications Law Journal, 41(1):17-41.

Keppel, Bruce, "Electronic Mail Stirs Debate on the Privacy
 Issue," Los Angeles Times (May 23, 1990), p. D1.

Kobielus, James, "On the Net Manager's Role as Guardian of
 Privacy," Network World (July 1, 1991), p. 25.

Kolstad, Rob, "Privacy and Policy: Two Views on the Privacy of
 Electronic Mail and Files," UNIX Review (August 1991), 9(8):74.

Kuebelbeck, Amy, "Getting the Message: E-Mail Is Fast and
 Efficient, But It Isn't Always Private--And That Can Mean Big
 Trouble for Users," Los Angeles Times (September 4, 1991), p. E1.

LaPlante, Alice, "Epson E-Mail: Private or Company Information?"
 Infoworld (October 22, 1990), 12(43):66.

LaPlante, Alice, "Is Big Brother Watching," Infoworld (October
 22, 1990), 12(43):58.

Maney, Kevin, "Electronic-Mail Policies Ignite Debate," USA Today
 (July 8, 1991), p. 3.

Maney, Kevin, "Firms Grapple with Email Ethics," Gannet News
 Service (July 7, 1991).

Marmel, Steve, "Workplace Privacy Must Be Protected," USA Today
 (September 17, 1990), p. 12A.

McNary, Dave, "Nissan Sued for Allegedly Spying on Staff's
 Email," UPI (January 7, 1991)

Molloy, Maureen, "NW [Network] User Panel Takes Stand on E-Mail
 Privacy," Network World (November 5, 1990), 7(45):2 (two pages).

Nash, Jim, "E-Mail Lawsuit Cranks Open Privacy Rights Can of
 Worms," Computerworld (August 13, 1990), 24:7.

Nash, Jim and Harrington, Maura J., "Who Can Open E-Mail?"
 Computerworld (January 14, 1991), 25:1 (two pages).

"Nissan Motor Corp. in U.S.A. Named in Lawsuit for Electronic
 (E-Mail) Eavesdropping," Business Wire (January 7, 1991).

Resnick, Rosalind, "The Outer Limits," National Law Journal
 (September 16, 1991), p. 1.

Richards, Evelyn, "Privacy at the Office: Is There a Right To
 Snoop?" The Washington Post (September 9, 1990), p. H1.

Richards, Evelyn, "Sorting Out the Legality of E-Mail
 Eavesdropping," Washington Post National Weekly Edition
 (September 17-23, 1990), p. 21.

Rifkin, Glenn, "The Ethics Gap: Despite Growing Attention, Many
 IS Managers Say, 'It's Not My Job,'" Computerworld (October 14,
 1991), p. 83.

Savage, J.A., "E-Mail Bust Generates Privacy Rights Uproar,"
 Computerworld (January 23, 1989), 23:2.

Schuyler, Michael, "Rights of Computer On-Line Users," Small
 Computers in Libraries (December 1990), 10(11):41.

Schwartz, John, "How Did They Get My Name?" Newsweek (June 3,
 1991), p. 40.

Slind-Flor, Victoria, "What Is E-Mail, Exactly?" National Law
 Journal (November 25, 1991), pp. 3, 22.

Wickham, Dewayne, "Privacy Issues Await Souter," Gannett News
 Service (September 17, 1990).
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Message 2: Re: 3.575 Citing LINGUIST

Date: Tue, 14 Jul 92 16:58:22 EDRe: 3.575 Citing LINGUIST
From: John Cowan <>
Subject: Re: 3.575 Citing LINGUIST

I read with interest the posting of LIFY460, er, Christine Kamprath.
Here are a few comments:

The texts posted by the authors are unambiguously copyrighted
under U.S. law and the Berne Convention as soon as they have
been "fixed in a tangible medium of expression". Computer
media has been held to be such a medium, and since Linguist
is archived, its contents are fixed. Copyright ownership
is with the author and no one else.

It should not be assumed that the networks are "common carriers"
within the meaning of U.S. or any other law. No court has
pronounced on the point, and it is not clear that universities
and random corporations would like being treated as common
carriers -- one of the duties of a common carrier is to carry
all who come and can pay, which is emphatically >not< something
that the aforesaid universities and corporations provide. Nor
are the networks themselves legal entities as yet.

I would strongly urge that the list maintainers contact the
Library of Congress and receive an International Standard Serial
Number (ISSN), the magazine analogue of the ISBN. Other moderated
net.digests, specifically Telecom Digest, have done so. Since issues
are already numbered, that would provide a concise and internationally
interpretable form of citation.

Since I am not an academic, the question of listing postings as
publications doesn't affect me directly. I would propose, however,
that they are more nearly analogous to editorial letters or even
to public speeches than to conventional publications. Is it common
practice to list either of these?

The privacy of electronic mail is guaranteed within the U.S. not by
common-carrier case law but by a specific statute, the Electronic
Communications and Privacy Act (ECPA), the same which protects cellular
(but not portable-phone) calls as if they were landline calls.

Disclaimer: Not A Lawyer (Or A Linguist, Either)

John Cowan		...!uunet!cbmvax!snark!cowan
			e'osai ko sarji la lojban.
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Message 3: Re: 3.575 Citing LINGUIST

Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1992 07:42 ESTRe: 3.575 Citing LINGUIST
Subject: Re: 3.575 Citing LINGUIST

A little while ago there was a similar discussion on *Humanist* about
how to cite, etc. I believe the final suggestion was to cite it as
a journal. A sample format (following MLA principles) was offered,
with date, volume no., etc.

It would be worthwhile to create an overall policy on citing electronic
lists, I think; perhaps a new paragraph in style sheets, such as LSA,
to include the person cited as well as electronic source and how to
retrieve (or where to retrieve) the full citation for future reference
and context would be extremely appropriate.

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