LINGUIST List 3.709

Mon 21 Sep 1992

FYI: ASL and Handedness; Indiana Lecture Series

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  1. David Corina, ASL and Handedness
  2. , announcement Indiana lecture series

Message 1: ASL and Handedness

Date: Thu, 17 Sep 92 13:32:49 PDASL and Handedness
From: David Corina <corinagizmo.usc.edu>
Subject: ASL and Handedness


A useful article can be found in:

Vaid, Bellugi, & Poizner
Hand Dominance for Signing:
Clues to Brain Lateralization of Language
Neuropsychologia (1989) Vol 27[7] 949-960

D.Corina
U.S.C.
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Message 2: announcement Indiana lecture series

Date: Sat, 19 Sep 92 12:56:28 ESannouncement Indiana lecture series
From: <JROORYCKucs.indiana.edu>
Subject: announcement Indiana lecture series


The Syntax Reading Group at Indiana University presents the
second lecture in its Multidisciplinary Seminar:

The Indiana Lecture Series in Formal Syntax:
Phrase structure and the Lexicon

sponsored by the Office of Academic Affairs and Dean of the Faculties

Tim Stowell (UCLA)
'THE STRUCTURE OF TENSE'

Wednesday, September 23, 1992
Ballantine Hall 005, at 7.30 p.m.

ABSTRACT

 In this talk I construct a theory of tense and temporal refer-
ence utilizing the GB subtheories of X-bar phrase structure,
predicate-argument structure, binding, control, and quantification.
The theory is based on a synthesis of Zagona's (1990) theory of
tense and the theory of DP structure developed by Abney (1986)
as amended in Stowell (1989).
 Tense is a dyadic predicate of temporal ordering, taking time-
denoting phrases as arguments; thus a tense expresses a relation
such as "Time X is before/after/simultaneous with Time Y". Like a
verbal predicate, Tense projects a TP with its internal argument as
its complement and its external argument as its subject. The
internal argument of Tense denotes the time of the event or situation
associated with the VP predicate; this argument is a time-denoting
category called ZP ("Zeit-phrase"), analogous to the individual-
denoting category DP. Z is the temporal analog of the definite or
indefinite article, and it binds the temporal argument of VP,
analogous to D binding the external "R" argument of NP. The external
argument of Tense is a ZP analogue of PRO, denoting the reference
time; in a matrix clause PRO-ZP lacks any c-commanding possible
antecedent, and denotes Utterance Time; in an embedded clause, PRO-
ZP is controlled by the temporal argument of the matrix VP.
 Within this framework, I sketch out a new approach to various
theoretical issues involving tense, ranging from the phenomenon of
"sequence of tense" (SOT) effects to the ordering of events in com-
plex sentences. The account of SOT is based on the idea that in SOT
languages such as English, "tense" morphology is not a realization
of the category Tense, but rather a cliticized time-denoting
phrase. The distinction between morphological past and present
(in see/sees vs. saw) is analogous to the distinction between the
negative polarity item any and its counterpart some; just as any
signals the presence of a higher Negation, so morphological past
signals the presence of a c-commanding Past Tense head, while not
itself being an instance of Past. Thus morphological past is really
a "Past Polarity Item" (PPI), whereas morphological present signals
the absence of a c-commanding Past, analogous to some in relation
to Negation. The relevant c-command relations hold at LF,
reflecting de dicto/de re distinctions (cf. Abusch 1988).
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