LINGUIST List 4.294

Fri 23 Apr 1993

Qs: Phoneme frequencies, Racial epithet, Schemas & Text

Editor for this issue: <>


Directory

  1. "J.J. Higgins", Phoneme frequency list
  2. "Ellen F. Prince", racial epithet query
  3. Uwe Hauck, Schemas and Text-Generation

Message 1: Phoneme frequency list

Date: Mon, 19 Apr 93 10:25:35 BSPhoneme frequency list
From: "J.J. Higgins" <J.Higginsbristol.ac.uk>
Subject: Phoneme frequency list


RP PHONEMES AND MINIMAL PAIRS

As a by-product of my electronic search for minimal pairs, I have
generated a frequency list of RP-phonemes in the Advanced Learners
Dictionary which colleagues might find interesting. I would be grateful
to anybody who could point me towards any similar work on sounds in
transcriptions of speech.

By the way, I now have about thirty minimal pair lists derived from
the pronunciation field in the electronic ALD, and have edited and
annotated about ten of these. In the long run I hope to create all the
480 or so lists that are theoretically possible, just for the sake of
statistical comparison. Meanwhile anyone who wants to see a particular
list can get in touch; I can e-mail it, and will generate the list if
it does not exist yet.

John Higgins, University of Bristol
J.Higginsbristol.ac.uk

*********************************************************************

RP phonemes in the Advanced Learner's Dictionary
(1973 electronic edition with Roger Mitton's additions--text 710 in
the Oxford Text Archive).

Total number of dictionary entries: 70646

 Alvey-RP Keyword Total Words % of wds rank
Vowels
 1 i bead 6721 6525 9.24% 9
 2 I bid 51830 37729 53.41% 1
 3 e bed 11312 10940 15.49% 5
 4 & bad 11603 11149 15.78% 3
 5 A bard 4215 4141 5.86% 14
 6 0 pot 7960 7747 10.97% 6
 7 O port 4730 4627 6.55% 12
 8 U put 1977 1959 2.77% 17
 9 u boot 4794 4743 6.71% 11
 10 V bud 7124 6917 9.79% 8
 11 3 bird 3095 3083 4.36% 15
 12  about 31009 26813 37.95% 2
 13 eI bait 10234 10029 14.20% 4
 14 aI bite 7441 7236 10.24% 7
 15 oI boy 788 784 1.11% 20
 16 aU cow 2179 2135 3.02% 16
 17 U no 6685 6416 9.08% 10
 18 I beer 4174 4034 5.71% 13
 19 e bear 965 962 1.36% 19
 20 U poor 1053 1053 1.49% 18

Consonants
 21 p pop 15553 14569 20.62% 9
 22 b bib 10907 10420 14.75% 11
 23 t teat 34260 29441 41.67% 1
 24 d died 21275 19125 27.07% 7
 25 k cake 22453 20308 28.75% 6
 26 g go 6239 6079 8.60% 14
 27 tS chin 2672 2639 3.74% 21
 28 dZ judge 3869 3802 5.38% 18
 29 f fine 8839 8606 12.18% 13
 30 v vine 6007 5859 8.29% 16
 31 T think 1602 1591 2.25% 22
 32 D then 596 593 0.84% 23
 33 s see 33922 28548 40.41% 2
 34 z zoo 19972 18808 26.62% 8
 35 S shy 6117 6039 8.55% 15
 36 Z rouge 334 334 0.47% 24
 37 m my 14823 13988 19.80% 10
 38 n near 31934 27020 38.25% 3
 39 N sing 9181 8958 12.68% 12
 40 l low 27373 25435 36.00% 4
 41 r raw 23069 21434 30.34% 5
 42 w west 4600 4523 6.40% 17
 43 j year 3560 3518 4.98% 20
 44 h high 3699 3625 5.13% 19

 Average vowel phonemes per word: 2.55
 Average consonant phonemes per word: 4.43
 Average length of word in phonemes: 6.98
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue

Message 2: racial epithet query

Date: Wed, 21 Apr 1993 16:09:38 racial epithet query
From: "Ellen F. Prince" <ellencentral.cis.upenn.edu>
Subject: racial epithet query

has anyone ever heard the term _water buffalo_ used as a racial epithet? you
may answer me privately: ellencentral.cis.upenn.edu. thanks.
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue

Message 3: Schemas and Text-Generation

Date: Thu, 22 Apr 93 10:24:59 MESchemas and Text-Generation
From: Uwe Hauck <UWEHAUCKdosuni1.rz.Uni-Osnabrueck.DE>
Subject: Schemas and Text-Generation

As a part of my Masters Degree Paper I am currently doing some
research on schema based approaches to text-generation. Does
anyone have some references, bibliographic hints or papers available
on that topic. I am expecially interested in the way one can represent
a Domain using Schematas and how a planer deals with them...
Uwe Hauck
Uwehauck at dosuni1.bitnet
uwehauck at dosuni1.rz.uni-osnabrueck.de

Uwe Hauck
University of Osnabrueck
PoBox 4469
Sedanstr.4
Computational Linguistics and Artificial Intelligence
4500 Osnabrueck
Germany
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue