LINGUIST List 4.488

Sat 19 Jun 1993

FYI: Plan to put Liddell Scott Jones Greek Lexicon on-line

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  1. gregory crane, plan to put the LSJ Greek lexicon on-line

Message 1: plan to put the LSJ Greek lexicon on-line

Date: Sat, 19 Jun 93 09:33:33 EDplan to put the LSJ Greek lexicon on-line
From: gregory crane <>
Subject: plan to put the LSJ Greek lexicon on-line

The following summarizes current plans to put the main Greek-English
lexicon on-line. We would be very interested in doing what we could to
make this usable by computational linguists. (We already plan to mine the
lexicon for all of its morphological information and to triple our database
of stems from c. 40,000 to 130,000). If anyone on this list is interest,
let me know.

Greg Crane


At the end of the summer, we plan to submit a proposal to
the NEH to place on-line the ninth edition of the Liddell
Scott Jones Greek-English Lexicon (LSJ-9). This lexicon
contains more than 100,000 entries and 500,000 citations.
First, published in 1940, LSJ-9 remains the most important
printed tool for the student of Greek language. LSJ-9 will
appear in the Perseus database, but we are anxious that LSJ-9
be available from other sources as well, on both CD ROM and
via network (e.g., GOPHER, WAIS). Our goal will be to make
this tool accessible to every student of Greek, from the
second year language student to the professional classicist.

In addition, we are collaborating with Oxford University
Press to produce an on-line version of the forthcoming,
updatedLSJ supplement that is compatible with the electronic
LSJ-9. OUP intends to publish a CD ROM that incorporates
both LSJ-9 and the forthcoming supplement. The scholar
working with the electronic supplement and LSJ-9 would, in a
effect, have a seamless new edition of the lexicon that
automatically interweave the two.

Between 1843 and 1897, Henry George Liddell supervised eight
editions of the lexicon. The ninth edition was not
completely published until 1940. Once we have placed the
lexicon in a reasonably structured electronic format, the
editors of LSJ will be able to publish new editions on a
regular basis for the first time since Liddell's death in

Furthermore, the electronic LSJ will stimulate the study of
Greek language in many ways. It will be possible to cross-
reference the LSJ head-words with smaller, more specialized
lexicographic entries. New lexica on medical terminology or
religious language placed in the same electronic environment
as LSJ can be much more prominent and readily accessible,
since the user looking for the LSJ definition of a term could
simultaneously be informed if other sources contain
references to that entry. There are many scholars who will
devote portions of their time to the study of Greek language
if they can bring the results of their work quickly before
many students of classical Greece. In addition, visual
databases on ancient Greece have already begun to appear
(Perseus 2.0, for example, will contain more than 30,000
images). New lexicographic work will be able to include not
only words but drawings and pictures -- a major step forward
for many topics.

The electronic LSJ will, of course, do things that its
printed counterpart cannot and will support readers of Greek
at many levels. Users will thus be able to go from a
reference in LSJ to the full text in the TLG or other
appropriate Greek databases. The morphological information
in LSJ will also allow new types of searching in the TLG:
e.g., asking for FE/RW would also retrieve OI)/SW and
H)/NEGKON. Conversely, users working with the TLG could go
from any form to its dictionary entry: e.g., confronted with
H)/NEGKON, one could learn that this was a form of FE/RW.
The system would even make it easier to identify the probable
definition, searching for entries that cite "Homer" or
"Tragedy," or simply letting the user view an outline of the
entry (six columns for FE/RW).

Comments and reactions are welcome. A draft copy of the proposal
ready by mid June and will be sent to anyone who is interested
in what we are planning to do.

Gregory Crane
Tufts University
Dept of Classics
Eaton Hall
Medford MA 02155

June 19, 1993

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