LINGUIST List 5.864

Tue 02 Aug 1994

Qs: African in song, Voice quality, "go and Verb", Answering

Editor for this issue: <>


  1. "LUCINDA HART-GONZALEZ", Re: African in song
  2. Martin Ball, Query re 'Cardinal Voice Quality' Experiment
  3. , "go and Verb" constructions
  4. Mike Dickey, Q: question-answering

Message 1: Re: African in song

Date: 31 Jul 94 22:41:00 EST
Subject: Re: African in song

I can't help with the African in the Chinese song, but I have a question of
my own. These words appear in the pop music lyrics of a Brazilian singer.
They are clearly from Bahia and I have been told that the e^ ending is a sure
sign of African origin. I also would like to know which language and their
meanings, both in Brazilian usage and in the original, if the form is suffi-
ciently close to the original to have a similar meaning. Thanks.

Axe^ peace?
awa iyo
candomble^ a cult of worship

 Thanks if you can help.
 Cindy H-G

Dr. Lucinda Hart-Gonzalez
Foreign Service Institute
National Foreign Affairs Training Center
U.S. Department of State
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Message 2: Query re 'Cardinal Voice Quality' Experiment

Date: Mon, 1 Aug 1994 15:48:13 +Query re 'Cardinal Voice Quality' Experiment
From: Martin Ball <>
Subject: Query re 'Cardinal Voice Quality' Experiment

I am trying to find any published material on a piece of research
conducted in the late 70s or early 80s into the description of voice
quality. This attempted to establish ten (?) numbered voice quality
types (from most breathy to most harsh). Students at Speech Pathology
centres throughout Britain listened over a number of weeks to the
'Arthur the Rat' passage read in these different voice types. They
then faced a final test when other passages were listened to in
random order, and they had to assign a number to these passages.

My memory is that this last task did not on the whole show that the
listeners were readily able to manipulate the cardinal voice
quality system.

Please send any details to the above address before the end of August.
After August 24, please send to
Martin J Ball
University of Sydney/University of Ulster
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Message 3: "go and Verb" constructions

Date: Mon, 1 Aug 94 17:40:21 +02"go and Verb" constructions
From: <>
Subject: "go and Verb" constructions


Can any tell me (or refer me to the relevant literature) what the semantics
are of the "go and Verb" construction in English?
I'll go and see where he is.
Do you want me to go and check whether ...
I just wanna go and enjoy myself.

More specifically, are the semantics predominantly aspectual in nature;
i.e. is it a kind of aspectualiser like "start/finish + Verb"?
Even more specifically, is it synonymous with "go + Verbing"? (yet cf.
"?Do you want me to go checking whether..." and "Do you want me to go and
check whether .." versus "I wanna go swimming in the lake" and "I wanna go
and swim in the lake"; *"I'll go seeing where he is" seems definitely out
because of the inherent stative aspectual nature of 'see').
And what about the construction "go Verb" (e.g. I'll go see where he is).
Is this (generally) considered acceptable English? If so, is it just a
variant of "go and Verb" ?

Is the use of these "go (and) Verb" constructions restricted to a
particular register of English (formal-informal; British-American)?

(I'm not sure whether I can trust my non-native intuitions so I thought I'd

Will summarize.
Many thanks in advance.

Alex Housen
Alex Housen Germanic Languages Dept.
University of Brussels (VUB) Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
Tel:+32-2-6412664; Fax:+32-2-6412480;
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Message 4: Q: question-answering

Date: Mon, 01 Aug 1994 13:59:08 Q: question-answering
From: Mike Dickey <>
Subject: Q: question-answering

Hi there. Does anyone know of languages other than English that permit
responses like the following:

 Who wants to go to the store?


Almost all languages I've been able to come up with only allow the
equivalent of "I" or "I do" as a response to this sort of question. (A
lot of lang's don't have free-standing genitive or accusative pronouns
anyway.) Does anyone know of a language/languages that allow
a genitive or accusative (or other) pronoun alongside a nominative as an
answer to a question? Or instead of a nominative pronoun? Please respond to
me personally. If there is sufficient response, I'll post a summary.

Mike Dickey
University of Massachusetts, Amherst
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