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Mon Sep 25 1995

Sum: Modal Semantics and Root and Epistemic Modals/References

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Message 1: sum root-epistemic references

Date: Mon, 25 Sep 1995 11:18:38 sum root-epistemic references
From: <BRENNAVMctrvax.Vanderbilt.Edu>
Subject: sum root-epistemic references

 References to work on
 Modal Semantics
 Root and Epistemic Modals

Akmajian, A., S. Steele and T. Wasow 1979 =1EThe Category of AUX in
Universal Grammar=1F in Linguistic Inquiry 10.1-64.

Andrews, A. 1982 =1EA Note on the Constituent Structure of
Adverbials and Auxiliaries=1F in Linguistic Inquiry 13.313-17.

Bach, E. 1980 "Tenses and Aspects as Functions on Verb Phrases"=20
in Rohrer, C. (ed.)

Barbiers, Sjef in progress, dissertation, Leiden University.
Bauerle, R., C. Schwarze and A. von Stechow (eds.) 1983 Meaning,
Use and Interpretation of Language (Berlin/New York: Walter de

van Benthem, J. 1985 A Manual of Intensional Logic (Stanford:

Bolkestein, A.M. 1980 Problems in the Description of Modal Verbs:=
an investigation of Latin (Assen, The Netherlands: Van Gorcum).

Bouscaren, J. J. Chuquet, and L. Danon-Boileau 1992 Introduction
to a linguistic grammar of English: an utterer centered approach
(Ophrys: Gap). [English adaptation of Bouscaren et al 1987]=20

__________ 1987 Grammaire et textes anglais: guide pour
l'analyse linguistique (Ophrys: Gap).

Boyd, J. and J.P. Thorne 1969 "The Semantics of Modal Verbs" in
Journal of Linguistics 5.57-74.

Brennan, Virginia 1993 Root and Epistemic Modal Auxiliary Verbs
in English, doctoral dissertation, University of Massachusetts at
Amherst (Amherst, MA: GLSA).

__________ 1995 "Quantificational Modals", ms. Vanderblt

Brown, M. 1988 "On the Logic of Ability" in Journal of
Philosophical Logic 17.1-26.

__________ 1990 "Action and Ability" in Journal of Philosophical
Logic 19.95-114.

Bybee, J.L. 1985 Morphology: A Study of the Relation between
Meaning and Form (Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins).

Carlson, G.N. 1980 =1EPolarity Any is Existential=1F in Linguistic
Inquiry 11.

__________ 1977 Reference to Kinds in English, University of
Massachusetts dissertation (Amherst, MA: GLSA).=20

Carnap, R. 1946 "Modalities and Quantification" in Journal of
Symbolic Logic 11.33-64.

Coates, J. 1980 The Semantics of Modal Auxiliaries (London:=20
Croom Helm).

Cross, C. 1986 "'Can' and the Logic of Ability" in Philosophical
Studies 50.53-64.

Culioli, A. 1978 "Valeurs modales et op=82rations =82nonciatives" in
Le Fran=87ais Moderne 46.4. Reprinted in A. Culioli Pour une
linguistique de l'=82nonciation, tome 1, pp. 135-155. (Ophrys:=20

Dendale, P. 1994 "Devoir =82pist=82mique: marquer modale ou
=82videntiel?" in Langue Fran=87ais 102.24-40.

Dowty, D. 1979 Word Meaning and Montague Grammar (Dordrecht:=20

Engh, Jan 1984 "Om modalverbet M og samfunnsvitenskapelige
intervju", paper read at the May Symposium of the
Interdisciplinary Section "Tema kommunikation", University of
Linkping, Sweden. Appears in Norsk lingvistisk tidsskrift 2,
1992. [on the use of epistemic M in Norwegian]

__________ 1983 "Tre forelesninger om tempus og om modalverb i
norsk". Appears in Norskrift 80, 1993. [an overview of the
semantics and pragmatics of the Norwegian modals]

__________ 1977 "Om en innholdsvariant av Skal", in Norskrift 13.
[on the epistemic interpretation of Norwegian skal]

__________ 1975 M og Kan med 'objectiv' lesning.
Lisensiatavhandling, Institutt for nordisk sprak og litteratur
(Universitetet i Oslo: Oslo). [about epistemic readings of
Norwegian M and kan; a lisensiatavhandling is, roughly, a PhD

Feldman, F. 1986 Doing the Best We Can, Philosophical Studies
Series in Philosophy 35 (Dordrecht: Reidel).

Gallin, D. 1975 Intensional and Higher-Order Modal Logic, with
applications to Montague semantics (Amsterdam: North-Holland
Publ. Co.).

Gazdar, G. K. 1980 =1EA Cross-Categorial Semantics for
Coordination=1F in Linguistics and Philosophy 3.307-309.

__________, G. Pullum and I. Sag 1982 =1EAuxiliaries and Related
Phenomena in a Restrictive Theory of Grammar=1F in Language 58.591-
638. [This is a later version of Gazdar, G.,K., G. Pullum and I.
Sag 1981.]

__________ 1981 =1EAuxiliaries and Related Phenomena in a
Restrictive Theory of Grammar=1F distributed by Indiana University
Linguistics Club (Bloomington, IN: IULC).

Groenendijk, J. and M. Stokhof 1975 "Modality and Conversational
Information" in Theoretical Linguistics 2.61-112.

Guenthner, F. 1978 "Systems of intensional logic and the
semantics of natural language" in Guenthner and Rohrer, eds.

Guenthner, F. and C. Rohrer, eds. 1978 Studies in Formal
Semantics and Intensionality: Temporality and Negation=20
(Amsterdam: North-Holland Publ. Co.).

Hazen, A. 1986 "Expressive Completeness in Modal Language" in
Journal of Philosophical Logic 5.25-46.

__________ 1979 "Counterpart-Theoretic Semantics for Modal Logic"
in Journal of Philosophy 6.319-338.

Heim, I. 1982 The Semantics of Definite and Indefinite Noun
Phrases, University of Massachusetts dissertation (Amherst,MA:=20
GLSA). Published (1988) (New York: Garland).

Heny, F. and B. Richards, eds. 1983 Linguistic Categories:=20
Auxiliaries and Related Puzzles (Dordrecht: Reidel).

Hilpinen, R., ed. 1971 Deontic Logic: Introductory and
Systematic Readings (Dordrecht: Reidel).

Hintikka, J. 1961 "Modality and Quantification" in Theoria=20

Hofmann, T.R. 1966 "Past Tense Replacement and the Modal System"=20
reprinted in McCawley, J., ed. Syntax and Semantics vol. 7 (New
York: Academic Press).=20

Horn, Lawrence 1989 A Natural History of Negation (Chicago, IL
and London: U. of Chicago Press).

__________ 1972 On the Semantic Properties of Logical Operators
in English, doctoral dissertation, UCLA, distributed by Indiana
University Linguistics Club 1976 (Bloomington, IN: IULC).

Huddleston, R. 1978 "On the Constituent Structure of VP and AUX"
in Linguistic Analysis 4.31-59.

__________ 1974 "Further remarks on the analysis of auxiliaries
as main verbs" in Foundations of Language 11.215-29.

Hughes, G. and M. Cresswell 1968 An Introduction to Modal Logic
(London: Metheun).=20

Iatridou, S. 1990 =1EThe Past, the Possible and the Evident=1F in
Linguistic Inquiry 21.123-9.

Isard, S. 1974 "Changing the Context" in Keenan, E. L., ed. 1975.

Jackendoff, R. 1972 Semantic Interpretation in Generative Grammar
(Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

Janssen, T.M.V. 1983 Foundations and Applications of Montague
Grammar (Amsterdam: Mathematisch Centrum).

Kanger, S. 1957 Provability in Logic (Stokholm: Almqvist &

Karttunen, L. 1972 "Possible and Must" in Kimball, J.P., ed.
Syntax and Semantics vol. 1 (New York: Seminar Press).

Keenan, E.L., ed. 1975 Formal Semantics of Natural Language
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Kenny, A.J. 1975 Will, Freedom and Power (New York: Barnes and

Kiefer, F. 1987 "On defining modality" in Folia Linguistica

Kratzer, A. 1991a =1EConditionals=1F in von Stechow and Wunderlich,

__________ 1991b =1EModality=1F in von Stechow and Wunderlich, eds.

__________ 1985 "Conditionals" in Farley, A.M., P. Farley and
K.E. McColllough, eds. Chicago Linguistics Society: Papers from the =
Parasession on Pragmatics and Grammatical Theory (Chicago:=20
Chicago Linguistics Society).

__________ 1981 "The Notional Category of Modality" in Eikmeyer, H.J.=
 and H. Rieser, eds. Words, Worlds and Contexts: New
Approaches in Word Semantics (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter).

__________ 1978 Semantik der Rede: Kontexttheorie, Modalworter,
Konditionalsatze. (Konigstein: Scriptor).

__________ 1977 "What 'Must' and 'Can' Must and Can Mean" in
Linguistics and Philosophy 1.337-355.

Kripke, S. 1959 "A Completeness Theorem in Modal Logic" in
Journal of Symbolic Logic 24.1-14.

__________ 1963a "Semantical analysis of modal logic, I, normal
propositional calculi" in Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und
Grundlagen der Mathematik 9.67-96.

__________ 1963b "Semantical considerations on modal logics" in=20
Acta Philosophica Fennica: Modal and Many-Valued Logics, 16.83-
94. Reprinted 1971 in Linsky, L., ed. Reference and Modality
(Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Lambert, K. and B.van Fraassen 1970 "Meaning Relations, Possible
Objects, and Possible Worlds" in Lambert, K., ed. Philosophical
Problems in Logic (Dordrecht: Reidel).

Landman, F. 1986 Towards a Theory of Information (Dordrecht:=20

Larreya, P. 1984 Le possible et le n=82cessaire: modalit=82s et
auxiliaires modaux en anglais brittanique (Paris: Nathan).

Leech, G. 1987 Meaning and the English Verb, 2nd ed. (London:

__________ 1969 Towards a Semantic Description of English
(Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press).

Lewis, C.I. and C.H. Langford 1932 Symbolic Logic (New York:=20
Dover Publications).

Lewis, D. 1986a On the Plurality of Worlds (Oxford: Basil

__________ 1986b Philosophical Papers, vol. II (Oxford: Basil

__________ 1983 Philosophical Papers, vol. I (Oxford: Basil

__________ 1981 "Ordering Semantics and Premise Semantics for
Counterfactuals" in Journal of Philosophical Logic 10.217- 34.

__________ 1980 "Index, Context and Content" in Kanger, S. and S.
Ohman, eds. Philosophy and Grammar (Dordrecht: Reidel).

__________ 1979a "A Problem about Permission" in Saarinen, E.,
ed. Essays in Honor of Jaakko Hintikka (Dordrecht: Reidel).

__________ 1979b "Scorekeeping in a Language Game" in Journal of
Philosophical Logic 8.339-59. (Reprinted in Lewis 1983).

__________ 1979c "Attitudes De Dicto and De Se" in Philosophical
Review 88.513-43. (Reprinted in Lewis 1983).

__________ 1975 "Adverbs of Quantification" in Keenan, E., ed.

__________ 1973 Counterfactuals (Cambridge, MA: Harvard U.

__________ 1972 =1EGeneral Semantics=1F in Davidson, D. and G.
Harman, eds. Semantics of Natural Language (Dordrecht: Reidel).

__________ 1968 "Counterpart Theory and Quantified Modal Logic"
in Journal of of Philosophy 65. (Reprinted in Lewis 1983).

Lightfoot, David 1991 How to Set Parameters (Cambridge, MA: MIT
Press). [on the history of English modals]

__________ 1979 Principles of Diachronic Syntax (Cambridge:=20
CUP). [on the history of English modals]

Lodrup, Helge 1995 "Properties of Norwegian Auxiliaries", in
Proceedings of the IXth Conference of Nordic and General
Linguistics, Oslo.

__________ 1994 "Surface proforms in Norwegian and the
definiteness effect", in M. Gonzalez, ed. Proceedings of the
Northeast Linguistics Society 24, pp. 303-315. (Amherst, MA:

Lyons, J. 1977 Semantics (Cambridge: CUP).

Matthews, R. 1991 Words and Worlds: on the Linguistic Analysis
of Modality (Frankfurt: Peter Lang).

McCallum-Bayliss, Heather 1985 The Modal Verbs: Univocal Lexical
Items, unpublished doctoral dissertation, Georgetown University.

McCawley, J., ed. 1976 Syntax and Semantics: Notes From the
Linguistic Underground (New York: Academic Press).

McGilvray, James 1991 Tense, Reference and World-Making
(Montreal: McGill-Queens Univerwsity Press).

Montague, R. 1974 Formal Philosophy: Selected Papers of Richard
Montague ed. by Richmond Thomason (New Haven: Yale University

Newmeyer, F. J. 1970 "The 'Root Modal': Can it be Transitive?"
in Festschrift for Robert B. Lees (Linguistic Research, Inc.)
__________ 1969 English Aspectual Verbs, Studies in Linguistics
and Language Learning 6 (Dept. of Linguistics, University of
Washington: Seattle, WA). also published=20

Nuyts, J. 1993 "Epistemic modal adverbs and adjectives and the
layered representation of conceptual and linguistic structure",
in Linguistics 31.933-969.

Palmer, F. 1983 Modality and the English Modals, 2nd ed. (London:

Palmer, F.R. 1986 Mood and Modality (Cambridge: CUP).

__________ 1983 "Semantic explanations for the syntax of English
Modals" in Heny, F. and B. Richards, eds.

__________ 1979 "Why auxiliaries are not main verbs" in Lingua

__________ 1977 "Modals and actuality" in Journal of Linguistics

Perkins, Mick 1983 Modal Expressions in English (London: Frances

__________ 1982 "The core meanings of the English modals" in
Journal of Linguistics 18.245-273.

Perlmutter, D. 1971 Deep and Surface Structure Constraints in
Syntax (New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston).

__________ 1970 "The two verbs begin" in Jacobs, R. and P.S.
Rosenbaum, eds. Readings in English Transformational Grammar
(Boston: Ginn).

Plank, Franz 1984 "The modals' story retold", in Studies in
Language 8.305-64. [historical; rejoinder to Lightfoot's work]

Pollock, J.Y. 1989 =1EVerb Movement, Universal Grammar and the
Structure of IP=1F in Linguistic Inquiry 20.365-424.

Pullum, G. and D. Wilson 1977 =1EAutonomous Syntax and the Analysis
of Auxiliaries=1F in Language 53.741-88.

Prior, A.N. 1968 Time and Modality (1955-6 John Locke Lectures)
(Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Reichenbach, H. 1947 Elements of Symbolic Logic (New York:=20

Rivi=8Are, C. 1981 "Is should a weaker must?" in Journal of
Linguistics, 17.179-195.
Roberts, C. 1986 Modal Subordination, Anaphora and
Distributivity, University of Massachusetts dissertation
(Amherst, MA: GLSA).

__________ 1989 "Modal Subordination and Pronominal Anaphora in
Discourse", in Linguistics and Philosophy 12. 683-721.

Rohrer, C., ed. 1980 Time, Tense and Quantifiers (T=81bingen:=20

Ross, J.R. 1969 "Auxiliaries as Main Verbs" in Todd, W. ed.
Studies in Philosophical Linguistics Series I (Evanston, IL:=20
Great Expectations Press).

Salkie, Raphael 1995 "Modality in French and English: a corpus-
based approach", Paper read at the First International Conference
on Contrastive Semantics and Pragmatics, University of Brighton,
April 1995. [This paper will appear in the conference

Stalnaker, R. 1984 Inquiry (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

__________ 1981 "Indexical Belief" in Synthese 49.129-51.

__________ 1978 "Assertion" in Syntax and Semantics 9.315-32.=20

__________ 1974 "Pragmatic Presuppositions" in Munitz, M. and P.
Unger, eds. Semantics and Philosophy (New York: New York
University Press).

__________ 1973 =1EPresuppostions=1F in Journal of Philosophical
Logic 2.447-457.

__________ 1968 "A Theory of Conditionals" in Rescher, N., ed.
Studies in Logical Theory (Oxford: Basil Blackwell).

Stump, G. 1985 The Semantic Variability of Absolute Constructions
(Dordrecht: Reidel).

Sweetser, E. 1990 From Etymology to Pragmatics: Metaphorical and
Cultural Aspects of Semantic Structure (Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press).

__________ 1982 "Root and Epistemic Modals: Causality in Two
Worlds" in Proceedings of the Berkeley Linguistics Society 8
(Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Linguistics Society).

Thomason, R., ed. 1974 Formal Philosophy: Selected Papers of
Richard Montague (New Haven: Yale University Press).

__________ and R. Stalnaker 1973 =1EA Semantic Theory of Adverbs=1F
in Linguistic Inquiry 4.195-220.
__________ and R. Stalnaker 1968 "Modality and Reference" in Nous

Thrainsson, Hoskudur and Sten Vikner 1995 "Modals and double
modals in the Scandanavian languages", in Working Papers in
Scandanavian Syntax 55, pp. 51-88. [Published by the Department
of Scandanavian Languages, Helgonabacken 14, S-223 62 Lund,

Traugott, Elizabeth 1989 "On the rise of epistemic meaning in
English", in Language 65.31-55.

Veltman, F. 1981 "Data Semantics", in Groenendijk, J., T. Janssen
and M. Stokhof, eds. Formal Methods in the Study of Language
(Amsterdam: Mathematical Centre Tracts). Also in Groenendijk,
J. et al eds. 1983 Truth, Interpretation, Information GRASS 3
(Dordrecht: Foris).

__________ 1976 "Prejudices, Presuppositions and the theory of
Conditionals" in Groenedijk, J. and M. Stokhof, eds. Proceedings
of the First Amsterdam Colloquium (Amsterdam: Amsterdam Papers
in Formal Grammar I). =20

Visser, F.T. 1963-72 A Historical Syntax of the English Language
(Leiden: E.J. Brill).

von Stechow, A. and D. Wunderlich, eds. 1991 Semantics: An
International Handbook of Contemporary Research (Berlin/NY:
Walter de Gruyter).

Warner, Anthony 1993 English Auxiliaries (Cambridge: CUP).

Wertheimer, Roger 1972 The Significance of Sense: Meaning,
Modality, and Morality (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press).

Williams, E. 1985 =1EPRO and the Subject of NP=1F in Natural Language
and Linguistic Theory 3.297-315.

von Wright 1951 An Essay in Modal Logic (Amsterdam: North-Holland
Publ. Co).

Zimmerman, T.E. 1987 Intensional Logic and Two-Sorted Type
Theory, unpublished Universitat Konstanz dissertation.

Zubizarreta, M.L. 1982 On the Relationship of the=20
Lexicon to Syntax, MIT dissertation (unpublished).

The reference list above was compiled by Ginny Brennan
(, with the invaluable help of
(, Larry Horn (LHORNYaleVM.CIS.Yale.EDU),
Helge Lodrup (, Jim McGilvray
(, Mick Perkins
(, and Raphael Salkie
(R.M.SALKIEBRIGHTON.AC.UK). Thanks to all these people.=1A=1A=1A=
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