LINGUIST List 6.1766

Thu Dec 21 1995

Sum: Adjective Order

Editor for this issue: Anthony M. Aristar <>


  1. Mette Kreutzmann, SUM: adjective order

Message 1: SUM: adjective order

Date: Wed, 20 Dec 1995 12:13:53 SUM: adjective order
From: Mette Kreutzmann <>
Subject: SUM: adjective order

Earlier I asked for references on premodifying adjective order in
English and I received some very helpful responses.

A sincere thanks to all who replied!!

Below, I list the references (in no particular order) if anybody else is
interested in the subject.

A Merry Xmas and a Happy New Year to everybody,

Mette Kreutzmann

Posner, R. [1986]. "Iconicity in Syntax: The Natural Order of Attributes."
In: Bouissac, P., M. Herzfeld & R. Posner, (eds), Iconicity: Essays on the
Nature of Culture: Festschrift for Thomas A. Sebeok on His 65th Birthday
Tuebingen: Stauffenberg, pp. 305-337.

Dirven, (ed),[1989]. A User's Grammar of English, ch. III.

Sproat, R. and Shih, C. [1988]. "Prenominal Adjectival Ordering in
English and Mandarin," in Proceedings of the North Eastern Linguistic
Society (NELS) Vol 18: 465-488.

Ney, J.W. [1981], Optionality and Choice in the Selection of Order of Adjectives
in English, General Linguistics, 23-2: 94-128.

Halliday, M.A.K. [1985]. "An Introduction to Functional Grammar", ch 6

Ferris, Connor [1993]. "The Meaning of Syntax: a study in the
adjectives of English".(see particularly section 8.6)

Bache, C. [1978]. "The Order of Premodifying Adjectives in
Present-day English".

Martin, J.E. [1969]. "Semantic determinants of preferred adjective order."
Journal of verbal learning and verbal behaviour 8: pp 697-704.

Martin, J.E. [1969]." Some competence-process relationships in noun
phrases with prenominal and postnominal adjectives" Journal of verbal
learning and verbal behaviour 8: pp 471-480.

Martin, J.E. [1970]. "Adjective Order and Juncture" Journal of verbal
learning and verbal behaviour 9: pp 379-384.

Warren, B. [1984]. Classifying Adjectives.

Celce-Murcia, Marianne and Larsen-Freeman, Diane, [1983].
"The Grammar Book"

Guglielmo Cinque in Cinque, G., J. Koster, J-Y Pollock,
L. Rizzi and R. Zanuttini (eds.) [1994]: Paths Towards Universal Grammar.
Studies in Honor of Richard S. Kayne. Georgetown University Press.
"On the Evidence for Partial N-Movement in the Romance DP"

Waugh, Linda R. [1976]. "The semantics and paradigmatics of word order,"
Language 52:82-107.

Lord, John B. [1970]. "Sequence Clusters of Pre-nominal Adjectives",
Journal og English Language 4: pp 57-69.

Sussex, R. [1974]. "Deep Structure of Adjectives in NPs", Journal of
Linguistics 10: pp 111-131.

Goyvaerts, D. L. [1968]. "An Introductory Study on the Ordering of a
String of Adjectives in Present-day English". Philologica Pragensia,
11: 12-28.

Vendler, Zeno [1968] "Adjectives and Nominalisations" Papers on formal
linguistics No 5, The Hague: Mouton.

Danks, J.H. and Glucksberg, S. [1971]. "Psychological Scaling of
Adjective Order" Journal of verbal learning and verbal behaviour

Danks, J.H. and Schwenk, M.A. [1972]."Prenominal Adjective Order and
Communication Context" Journal of verbal learning and verbal
behaviour, 11:183-187.

Quirk et al, "A Grammar of Contemporary English", Longman

Dixon, R.M.W. [1982]"Where have all the adjectives gone?" Amsterdam:

Kamp, J.A.W. [1975]"Two Theories of Adjectives" In: Keenan, E.L. (ed)
Formal Semantics of Natural Language. pp 123-155, Cambridge
- ------------
And in the above mentioned references, of course, there are many more
references, and in those references, of course, there are even more references,
and in those get the picture...
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