LINGUIST List 6.231

Fri 17 Feb 1995

Qs: Brazil/Brasil, Classroom interaction, WWW sites, Clitics

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  1. , Brazil/Brasil
  2. Fritjof =?iso-8859-1?Q?Sahlstr=F6m?=, parallell verbal interaction
  3. Kristina Harris, Query: Lang. WWW sites?
  4. "Kelly K. Wahl", REQUEST FOR INFORMATION: clitics

Message 1: Brazil/Brasil

Date: Tue, 14 Feb 1995 12:10:39 Brazil/Brasil
From: <>
Subject: Brazil/Brasil

At least until the 1880s, the name of the country was spelt 'Brazil'
in Brazil. However, as we know, it is now spelt 'Brasil'. Can any
experts on (Brazilian) Portugese answer these questions:
1) When was the spelling changed;
2) Was this change simply tidying up a longstanding phoneme-grapheme
mis-correspondence? If so, did this take place only in Brazilian
3) Was this change undertaken to reflect a recent phonological change,
and again, if so, was this only in Brazilian Portugese?
4) Was the change undertaken to reflect'phonemic' rather than phonetic
aspects of the pornunciation (i.e. is the fricative actually voiced,
but the spelling now reflects that this is purely a variant of a
basically voiceless fricative, that is found intervocalically)?

Thanks for the help!
Martin Ball
University of Ulster.
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Message 2: parallell verbal interaction

Date: Tue, 14 Feb 1995 13:48:40 parallell verbal interaction
From: Fritjof =?iso-8859-1?Q?Sahlstr=F6m?= <>
Subject: parallell verbal interaction

Dear all,

I am studying verbal classroom interaction in lower secondary school, with
a focus on student-student interaction running parallell to the
teacher-directed lesson.

During our research in the classroom we have noticed that the students
(15-16 years, public comprehensive school) which we are studying frequently
participate in an "unoffical" verbal interaction. This student-student
interaction seems to be much more frequent than the interaction with the
teacher. One can presume that this unoffical interaction is of importance
for an understanding of the teaching and learning in classrooms.

With a few exceptions there seems to be little research on the subject.
This also seems to be the case for parallell verbal interaction outside the
classroom (though see Maria Egberts 1993 dissertation "Schisming: the
transformation from a single conversation to multiple conversations" for a
comprehensive review of earlier research).

I would be very thankful for help of any kind, particularly with regards to
relevant literature or knowledge of similar on-going work.

Best regards,

=46ritjof Sahlstr=F6m

Uppsala Universitet
Pedagogiska Institutionen
Box 2109
S-750 02 UPPSALA

tel: + 46 18 181679
fax: + 46 18 181651
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Message 3: Query: Lang. WWW sites?

Date: Tue, 14 Feb 1995 09:47:23 Query: Lang. WWW sites?
From: Kristina Harris <>
Subject: Query: Lang. WWW sites?

Dear fellow list members:

I am attempting to incorporate into my home page the World Wide Web
addresses of as many language-related sites as possible. This includes
language and linguistics university departments, sites whose info is
written in other languages than English, and any other site whose
administrator would like another link to.

If you know of any sites like this, please send me the addresses. I'll
summarize to the list if attention warrants.


 Kristina Harris |The Mathematics Center - 085| (702) 784-4433 | University of Nevada, Reno | FAX (702) 784-1080
 *My homepage is*
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Date: Tue, 14 Feb 1995 14:00:12 REQUEST FOR INFORMATION: clitics
From: "Kelly K. Wahl" <>


I'm looking for languages which have verbal as well as pronominal
clitics. Can anyone help me? I already know about Slavic, and I'd like
to know which other of the world's languages have both. Can anyone tell
me, or direct me to a source which might even discuss the matter (to any
extent whatsoever?) All I need is the names of the languages--I'll take
it from there. You can send responses to JAZYKVEDUMICH.EDU. I promise
to send out a compilation of all that are told to me. THANKS!
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