LINGUIST List 6.710

Sun 21 May 1995

FYI: British Corpus, LSA Address List, Citations, Apology

Editor for this issue: <>


  1. British National Corpus, British National Corpus: First Release
  2. , LSA email address list
  3. , electronic citations
  4. Bert Peeters, Re: 6.683, Burmese - An apology

Message 1: British National Corpus: First Release

Date: Thu, 18 May 1995 17:41:03 British National Corpus: First Release
From: British National Corpus <>
Subject: British National Corpus: First Release


On behalf of the BNC Consortium, OUCS is very happy to announce that we
expect to start distributing copies of the long-awaited and British
National Corpus to licence holders during the week beginning 22 May.

This corpus is the end-product of a unique three-year collaboration,
involving Oxford University Press, Longman, Chambers-Harrap, Oxford
University Computing Services, Lancaster University and the British
Library, with funding from the DTI and SERC. It contains 100 million
words, from over 4000 different texts carefully selected to give maximal
coverage of the varieties of modern British English, both spoken and
written. The corpus is automatically tagged for part of speech, using
the CLAWS stochastic parser developed at UCREL, and marked up in SGML,
following the TEI Guidelines for corpus encoding.

The corpus is currently available under academic licence within the
European Union only. The first release, comprising three CDs and a
detailed technical manual currently costs under 200 pounds.

A full installation occupies about 4 Gb of disk space, and can only be
carried out on a Unix system. Later this year we hope to announce
availability of the BNC Sampler: a 2 million word sample from the
corpus, using an enhanced word-class tagset, manually corrected. This
Sampler will be usable on standalone PC.

* * * * * * * * * * * PRICE RISE IMMINENT * * * * * * * * * * *
* Our original budget for the cost of producing the BNC CDs *
* was based on the assumption that the whole thing would fit *
* onto two CDs. In the event, we needed three. However, we *
* are holding the price at the original estimate of 150 pounds *
* (plus VAT) until 1st JULY 1995. *
* *
* Orders received after 1st July 1995 will be charged at the *
* full price of 220 pounds plus VAT. We apologise for any *
* inconvenience this may cause. *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

For full details, including ordering and licensing information, please
see our web pages at or write to the address

 B r i t i s h N a t i o n a l C o r p u s

 last update: 15 May 95


Q. What's in the BNC?

A. Extracts from 4124 modern British English texts of all kinds, both
 spoken and written. Each text is segmented into orthographic sentence
 units, and each word automatically assigned a part of speech code. There
 are six and a quarter million sentences, and over 100 million words.

Q. Where did it come from?

A. It was produced by a consortium of leading dictionary publishers
 (OUP, Longman, Chambers-Harrap) and academic research centres (Oxford
 University Computing Services, Unit for Computer Research in the
 English Language at Lancaster University, British Library Research and
 Development), with funding from DTI and SERC, and the British Academy.
 It has taken three and a half years to complete.

Q. What use is it?

A. It provides a unique and authoritative view of the state of the English
 language today, with carefully balanced representation of as many
 different varieties of English as possible. It can be used to
 exercise NLP systems of all kinds, as a fertile source of real life
 examples for language learners, or simply to explore the way the
 language is currently used.

Q. What do I have to do to get a copy of it?

A. If you want to use the corpus solely for purposes of academic
 research, all you have to do is agree to the terms of the licence. If
 you want to use it for other purposes, we will refer your request to the
 BNC Consortium, who will discuss licensing arrangements with you.

Q. How much does it cost?

A. BNC Release 1.0 costs a total of 220 pounds, but we are holding to
 the originally announced price of 150 pounds until 1 JULY 1995. All
 prices are exclusive of VAT.

Q. What do I get for my money?

A. The first release of the BNC comprises:
 -- the full text of the 100 million word corpus
 -- printed and online documentation
 -- a full word index to the whole corpus
 -- ANSI C source code for the SARA server program and for a simple
 SARA client program
 packaged as 3 CD roms. The initial academic licence is valid for
 five years.

Q. What kind of computer system will I need to use it?

A. You can unpack the distribution CDs on any Unix system capable of
 reading ISO 9660 format. The corpus texts alone occupy nearly
 2 Gb unpacked. The SARA index occupies a further 2 Gb.
 The BNC is an SGML document complying with ISO 8879.

Q. How can I order a copy?

A. You will need to get a copy of the order form and two copies of the
 licence. You can download these from our Web site or request them
 from the address below.

Q. What are the licensing conditions?

A. The licence says you can use the corpus for any non-commercial
 purposes, subject to the "fair-dealing" provisions of the Copyright
 Act. At present, you must be located in a member state of the
 EU. There are also a number of other conditions designed to protect the
 owners of IPR in the corpus contents and the interests of the
 commercial partners in the BNC Consortium.

Q. Is it available online?

A. Not yet. We have been running an experimental online service
 for some months, but the software is not yet ready for release.
 Watch this space for further announcements!

British National Corpus
Oxford University Computing Services
13 Banbury Road
Oxford OX2 6NN

tel +44 (1865) 273 280
fax +44 (1865) 273 275
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue

Message 2: LSA email address list

Date: Tue, 16 May 95 08:46:24 -0LSA email address list
From: <>
Subject: LSA email address list

The LSA maintains a list which contains the information supplied by
members about their e-mail addresses. This address list can now be
obtained by anonymous ftp to, where it will be
found in pub/LSA_email_list.txt. You can also get it by simply
clicking on the corresponding link on the Yale Linguistics WWW page:

This list was recently updated to reflect informationa vailable as of
10 May, 1995. If you retrieved the list before 16 May, 1995, you may
want to get the new version. We will update the list whenever the LSA
Secretariat sends us a new version; the date of the current version
will be found on the WWW page (as well as in the first line of the
file itself).

 --Steve Anderson
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue

Message 3: electronic citations

Date: Tue, 16 May 1995 09:52:00 electronic citations
From: <>
Subject: electronic citations

Since so much information is conveyed by electronic means, citation
of source can be problematic. The following source deals with these
 Electronic Style: A Guide to Citing
 Electronic Information by Xia Li and Nancy Crane
 Westport: Meckler (1993).
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue

Message 4: Re: 6.683, Burmese - An apology

Date: Mon, 15 May 1995 08:53:38 Re: 6.683, Burmese - An apology
From: Bert Peeters <>
Subject: Re: 6.683, Burmese - An apology

I wish to apologise to the entire readership of the Linguist-list for
doing what I had painstakingly tried to avoid doing, which is to
misrepresent anyone's views in response to my query about Burmese.
It's hard to get a good handle on a flurry of incoming mail when you
are not a specialist in (or better still, when you don't know the slightest
thing about) the language you are asking a question on.
I must do one of two things now. Either become even more careful in
editing/paraphrasing answers, or stick to things I know at least something
Once again, my sincerest apologies, to Randy LaPolla and all involved.
Bert Peeters
Dr Bert Peeters
Department of Modern Languages (French)
University of Tasmania
GPO Box 252C Tel. (002) 202344 +61 02 202344
Hobart TAS 7001 Fax. (002) 207813 +61 02 207813
Australia Email:
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue