LINGUIST List 7.1406

Wed Oct 9 1996

Qs: Dream vs. nightmare, Ling judgements, _real_

Editor for this issue: Ann Dizdar <>

We'd like to remind readers that the responses to queries are usually best posted to the individual asking the question. That individual is then strongly encouraged to post a summary to the list. This policy was instituted to help control the huge volume of mail on LINGUIST; so we would appreciate your cooperating with it whenever it seems appropriate.


  1. Rene Schneider, Query: dreams vs. nightmares
  2. James Thomas, HELP: judgements required
  3. elisa vazquez iglesias, Real again

Message 1: Query: dreams vs. nightmares

Date: Mon, 07 Oct 1996 13:25:07 +0200
From: Rene Schneider <rene.schneiderdbag.ulm.DaimlerBenz.COM>
Subject: Query: dreams vs. nightmares
Dear linguists,

I would like to put a request on the lexical and semantical 
motivation for the concepts of <dream> vs. <nightmare>. Although 
there is a strong relationship between the two concepts, they often 
have different etymologies and differ in their lexical realization,
e.g. 'sue~no' vs. 'pesadilla' (spanish)
 'r^eve' vs. 'cauchemar' (french).
The german wordpair 'Traum' vs. 'Albtraum/Alptraum' makes a light 
exception, as '(Alb)-traum' indicates explicitly the relationship of 
being a subclass of 'Traum'.

I would appreciate it if someone could send me
a) as many examples for these wordpairs in different languages, 
esp. non-indoeuropean languages,
b) the etymologies of the words,
c) the cultural knowledge that is needed to understand the 
linguistic motivation for these words.

Please send me your answers privately and I will send a summary to 
the list.

Thanks a lot in advance for your help

Rene' Schneider

Rene' Schneider
Text Understanding Systems
Daimler-Benz Research and Technology
D-89013 Ulm
e-mail: rene.schneiderdbag.ulm.DaimlerBenz.COM
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue

Message 2: HELP: judgements required

Date: Mon, 07 Oct 1996 12:25:55 BST
From: James Thomas <>
Subject: HELP: judgements required
I'd be grateful if you could spare 20 minutes to
complete a questionnaire of linguistic judgements.

The process is anonymous and the results will be
used in my research (I hope).

The questionnaire is available for both table and
non-table browsers at:

Please pass this on to anyone you think might be interested,
especially non-linguists!

thanks for your time,
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue

Message 3: Real again

Date: Tue, 08 Oct 1996 18:28:29 BST
From: elisa vazquez iglesias <>
Subject: Real again

This is a call to English speakers from the south-coast of the US

A week ago, I posted a query on the list about the usage of "real" and
"really" in English-speaking countries. I am very grateful to those
who answered. I promise I will post a summary of my research as soon
as I reach some conclusions.

For now, I am still interested in the possible interpretations that
can be given to a sentence such as

		He is not just REAL sick.

If you remember, Charlie Rowe was able to narrow down his search to
coastal US. Picking up where he left off, my next question is whether
coastal Virginia, Georgia, South Carolina and perhaps Alabama,
Louisiana (i.e the Deep South) exhibit this trait as well.

Thank you very much in advance.

		Elisa Vazquez Iglesias
		Universidad de Santiago
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue