LINGUIST List 7.1545

Sat Nov 2 1996

Qs: South-East-Asian lang's, Corpus development, Clicks

Editor for this issue: Ann Dizdar <>

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  1. bartos, South-East-Asian lang's -- query
  2. Adrian Clynes, query: corpus development
  3. Miguel Carrasquer Vidal, Clicks

Message 1: South-East-Asian lang's -- query

Date: Tue, 08 Oct 1996 13:25:48 BST
From: bartos <>
Subject: South-East-Asian lang's -- query
Dear Listers,

I need some info on a handful of South-East-Asian lang's, for inclusion
in an encyclopedia of languages.
The data I need is:

- the name(s) of the language as used by its speakers, with gloss if
it has any other meaning than the reference to the language itself
- the name(s) of the people as they use it in refernce to themselves
- standard literature reference on these languages, incl. reference
grammars, introductory descriptions, coursebooks, important books or
papers on the grammar/phonology/history of the language (provided
they are accessible for a relatively wide public), in English, German,
French, or Russian

The languages in question are:


Plus a side-issue: what is the current stand on the relatedness of
Vietnamese to the Mon-Khmer languages?

Please reply to me directly. Thank you, in advance.

Huba Bartos
Research Institute for Linguistics
Hungarian Academy of Sciences
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Message 2: query: corpus development

Date: Sat, 02 Nov 1996 15:54:06 +0800
From: Adrian Clynes <>
Subject: query: corpus development

Some colleagues would like to compile a corpus of written (and
ultimately, spoken) English used in Brunei. We will begin with a
corpus of learner English. We would be _very_ grateful if people
could send information on one or more of the following topics:

1) concordancing software - Mac or Windows based: your experiences
with this/preferences.
2) tagging software - ditto. including software which can cope with
interlanguage/learner english data.
3) Other useful software
4) Hardware: what do we need? 
5) Useful, up-to-date references in the literature on corpus design
6) Any other sources for further, up-to-date, information we should

Please send replies to me. I will post a summary of replies in due
course. With thanks,

Adrian Clynes
Dept of English & Applied Linguistics			
Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei					
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Message 3: Clicks

Date: Sat, 02 Nov 1996 03:28:29 PST
From: Miguel Carrasquer Vidal <>
Subject: Clicks
Dear Linguists,

	The latest revision of the IPA charts lists the following
click sounds:

bilabial (.) [bull's eye]
dental |
(Post)alveolar !
Palatoalveolar =|=
Alveolar lateral ||

Not having been exposed directly to languages with clicks in them, 
I'm still not too sure about the difference between ! and =|=.
My guess would be that ! is apical (post)alveolar, and =|= laminal
(pre)palatal, but if anyone knows the full story, beyond the
brief discussions in Pullum & Ladusaw's "Phonetic Symbol Guide",
I'd be happy to hear.

My main enquiry is the following. In the European languages, clicks
are used non-phonemically, as "affective" sounds. I guess this is
also the case in non-European non-click languages. There is one click
I'm familiar with in that context, "clacking with the tongue", for
want of a better term, that doesn't seem to fit in the above IPA
classification. It might be called a click affricate, or cluster,
because it starts with the !-click (or the ||-click?), but an
important acoustic effect ensues when the tongue "flaps" against the
lower teeth or jaw, the place where the tongue rests. Three

1. Is this analysis correct?
2. If so, is this "clu[ck]ster" used phonemically anywhere?
3. How would one call such an articulation? Sub-lamino-sub-dental?
 sub-lamino-sub-alveolar flap?


- -----------------------------------
Miguel Carrasquer Vidal
- -----------------------------------
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