LINGUIST List 7.1805

Fri Dec 20 1996

Qs: Loanword, Survey, Translators, Pomak

Editor for this issue: T. Daniel Seely <seelylinguistlist.org>


We'd like to remind readers that the responses to queries are usually best posted to the individual asking the question. That individual is then strongly encouraged to post a summary to the list. This policy was instituted to help control the huge volume of mail on LINGUIST; so we would appreciate your cooperating with it whenever it seems appropriate.

Directory

  1. Oleg Barshay, Japanese loanwords
  2. hiro-t, an eager/easy man to do
  3. Ronald Ross, Translators' list
  4. HOWARD GREGORY, Pomak

Message 1: Japanese loanwords

Date: Fri, 20 Dec 1996 11:11:07 -28012959
From: Oleg Barshay <o-barshahoffman.cc.sophia.ac.jp>
Subject: Japanese loanwords

Here is what I would like you to place on LINGUIST.

Dear LINGUIST subscriber,

My name is Oleg Barshay, and I am from Belarus (maybe you
have never heard of this country). Now I am in Japan on a
felloship research. My research is related to loanwords
in Japanese (share, classification, behavior, cultural
connotations, and so on). One of the points is Japanese
loanwords as seen from a foreign speaker (learner of
Japanese). Therefore, opinions of foreign Japanese
speakers would be highly valuable for me, and I will
appreciate your filling the following questionnaire.

As the matter of fact, I will readily discuss any issues
related to loanwords in Japanese. Please contact me at:

o-barshahoffman.cc.sophia.ac.jp

*************
QUESTIONNAIRE

- -------------
Nationality
Native language
Education
Occupation (profession)
Length of stay in Japan (less than 1 year, 1-3 years, more than 3 years)
Main region of stay in Japan
Proficiency in Japanese speaking (excellent, good, fair, poor)
Proficiency in Japanese reading (excellent, good, fair, poor)
Sex
Age (under 15, 16-20, 21-30, 31-40, 41-50, 51-60, over 60)
- --------------------------------------------
1. In your opinion, the share of loanwords in Japanese is ...(too small,
proper, too big)

Comments/examples

2. Do you think some loanwords are excessive (i.e. add nothing to the
language)?

Comments/examples

3. Do you think increasing adoption of loanwords is a natural process, or
pushed for in some way?

Comments/examples

4. Suppose you are in a position to regulate usage of loanwords in Japanese.
What steps would you take, if any?

5. Do you think loanwords in Japanese are rather helpful to foreign
speakers?

Comments/examples

6. Are there cases that loanwords make your communication in Japanese
easier?

Comments/examples

7. Have you ever used a loanword just because you did not know an
appropriate Japanese word?

Comments/examples

8. Are there cases that loanwords make your communication in Japanese
difficult (being employed in unusual meaning, or sounding different as
compared to the original word, etc.)?

Comments/examples

9. Do you think the Japanese sometimes use loanwords while not quite
understanding teh actual meaning?

Comments/examples

10. Do you often meet unknown loanwords, and what do you do then (just skip,
guess from context, ask people, look in dictionary, etc)?

Comments/examples

11. Do you use a dictionary of loanwords? (never, sometimes, often)

12. Have you noticed any regional variations in usage of loanwords?

Comments/examples

13. Have you noticed any sex-related variations in usage of loanwords?

Comments/examples

14. Have you noticed any age-related variations in usage of loanwords?

Comments/examples

15. Have you noticed any occupation-related variations in usage of loanwords?

Comments/examples

16. If you have any other notions concerning loanwords in Japanese, pleasefeel
 free to express your opinion.

- --------------------

Thank you very much for cooperation
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Message 2: an eager/easy man to do

Date: Fri, 20 Dec 96 12:34:41 JST
From: hiro-t <hiro-tias.tokushima-u.ac.jp>
Subject: an eager/easy man to do

Dear Colleague,
 I'm writing an English-Japanese collocational Dictionary item, "man" ,
especially investigating "adjective + man + to do/PP" construction. I 
would like you to check the acceptabilities of the following sentencesm, 
although there are too many.

 Are the following sentences acceptable? Please put *, ? or OK in 
each slot.
(1) ( ) an able man to run fast.
(2) ( ) an unable man to speak.
(3) ( ) an eager man to see the play.
(4) ( ) a sorry man to hear that.
(5) ( ) a gald man to go there.
(6) ( ) the loath man to speak.
(7) ( ) a stupid man to do it.
(8) ( ) an easy man to handle
(9) ( ) an interested man in politics
(10) ( ) a blue man in the face.
(11) ( ) I am a sure[certain, confident] man that you'll like it.
(12) ( ) He was a glad[happy, proud]man that he could do it.
(13) ( ) I'm a worried man to hear about it.$B!!(J
(14) ( ) I'm not an appropriate man to tip a bus driver. 
(15) ( ) He is an apt man to get angry. 
(16) ( ) He's an awkward man to deal with. 
(17) ( ) Tom was a bad man to look at. 
(18) ( ) Tom was a bad man to drink all the beer. 
(19) ( ) He's an angry[mad] man to hear about it. 
(20) ( ) He's an angry man with the news. 
(21) ( ) He is a beautiful man to look at. 
(22) ( ) He is the best man to do the job. 
(23) ( ) Who is the best man to send? 
(24) ( ) He is a big man to let me use his car. 
(25) ( ) He is a blind man to his own faults. 
(26) ( ) He was a brave man to fight a fire. 
(27) ( ) He was a brave man to enter the burning building. 
(28) ( ) You are a bright man to tell her everything. 
(29) ( ) He is a busy man with the bank. 
(30) ( ) He is a busy man running the bank. 
(31) ( ) He is a capable man of jealousy, greed, vanity and fear. 
 (meaning "a man capable of...")
(32) ( ) He is a careful man in crossing the streets. 
(33) ( ) He is a careful man to stay on the sidewalk. 
(34) ( ) You are a careless man to leave your umbrella in the train. 
(35) ( ) He is a clever man to make so much money. 
(36) ( ) He is a comfortable man to be with. 
(37) ( ) He was a cool man to her passionate advances. 
(38) ( ) He is a curious man about other people's affairs. 
(39) ( ) He is a curious man to know how the old clock works. 
(40) ( ) He was a deaf man to all my prayers. 
(41) ( ) He is a delicate man to handle. 
(42) ( ) John is a familiar man with Mr. Green. 
(43) ( ) John is a familiar man with how the machine works. 
(44) ( ) John is a famous man for playing Hamlet. 
(45) ( ) John is a foolish man to see her. 
(46) ( ) He is a frank man with me about this matter. 
(47) ( ) He's a very free man with his money. 
(48) ( ) He wishes he were a free man of her. 
(49) ( ) Don't be a fresh man with the new secretary. 
(50) ( ) He is a fresh man from the country. 
(51) ( ) Bill is a very friendly man with Tom. 
(52) ( ) He is a good man at languages. 
(53) ( ) He is a good man to be with. 
(54) ( ) He is a good man to meet her again. 
(55) ( ) We met a guilty man of murder. 
(56) ( ) We met a man guilty of murder. 
(57) ( ) We saw a hot man about the delay. 
(58) ( ) We know a hungry man for a friend. 
(59) ( ) He is an ill man to please. 
(60) ( ) You are a very important man to[for] the city of Chicago. 
(61) ( ) The truck driver proved to be an innocent man of manslaughter.
(62) ( ) We know an interesting man to talk to about politics. 
(63) ( ) Jane knows a very jealous man of his girlfriend. 
(64) ( ) John is a kind man to help her. 
(65) ( ) John was a very lonely man for his wife. 
(66) ( ) He is a lovely man to work with. 
(67) ( ) Mr. Green was the next man to me. 
(68) ( ) He is a nice man to talk to. 
(69) ( ) Be a nice man to your sister. 
(70) ( ) He is a very particular man about having his breakfast at 
 exactly eight o'clock. 
(71) ( ) John is a poor man at[in] mathematics. 
(72) ( ) Tom is a popular man with girls. 
(73) ( ) He is a quick man to respond to a call for the help. 
(74) ( ) He is a regular man in visits. 
(75) ( ) He was a very rude man about my paintings. 
(76) ( ) I am a sad man to leave you. 
(77) ( ) He is still a very sad man about his sister's death.
(78) ( ) He is a serious man about becoming an actor. 
(79) ( ) He is a sharp man at making a bargain. 
(80) ( ) He is a sick man with the flu. 
(81) ( ) He is a silly man to meet her again. 
(82) ( ) He is a simple man about money matters. 
(83) ( ) He was a very slow man to offer help. 
(84) ( ) He was a smart man to leave. 
(85) ( ) The new doctor turned out to be a strange man to the new 
 machinery. 
(86) ( ) He is a strong man in chmistry. 
(87) ( ) He is a stupid man to meet her again. 
(88) ( ) He promised to be a true man to her. 
(89) ( ) Be a useful man to others. 
(90) ( ) He is a weak man at mathematics. 
(91) ( ) He was a wise man to remain silent. 
(92) ( ) John was a wonderful man to do that for me. 
(93) ( ) John was a wonderful man to look at. 
(94) ( ) He was not a worthy man of the honor given to him. 
(95) ( ) He is a worthy man to have a place in the team. 
(96) ( ) You are a wrong man to blame him. 
 
 Thanks a lot in advance. If you have any comments, please don't 
hesitate to make anything.

Best Wishes,


Hiroaki Tanaka

Associate Professor,
1-1, Minamijousanjima-cho, Tokushima, 770, Japan
Faculty of Integrated Arts and Sciences,
Tokushima University, Japan

hiro-tias.tokushima-u.ac.jp
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Message 3: Translators' list

Date: Fri, 20 Dec 1996 01:20:16 -0600
From: Ronald Ross <rrosscariari.ucr.ac.cr>
Subject: Translators' list

Fellow listers,

A friend of mine would like to find a list similar to this one that
deals with translational issues. If any of you know of one, I would
appreciate an address or two. Many thanks.

Ronald Ross
Linguistics Department
University of Costa Rica
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Message 4: Pomak

Date: Fri, 20 Dec 1996 13:43:47 GMT
From: HOWARD GREGORY <HG4soas.ac.uk>
Subject: Pomak

I would be grateful to hear if there are any studies of Pomak, a
Slavonic language spoken in Northern Greece and Southern Bulgaria.

Yours,

Howard Gregory
hg4soas.ac.uk
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