LINGUIST List 7.454

Mon Mar 25 1996

Sum: Moraic Languages

Editor for this issue: T. Daniel Seely <>


  1. Kawagashira Nobuyuki, Summary: moraic languages

Message 1: Summary: moraic languages

Date: Mon, 25 Mar 1996 10:11:28 +0200
From: Kawagashira Nobuyuki <>
Subject: Summary: moraic languages
Dear subsribers

 I posted a query for mora-time languages several months ago.
I am sorry to summarize it late.
I summarized the list of mora-timed languages by contributors.

Thank you very much to the following contributors.

 Margaret Hall Dunn
 Tapani Salminen
 Hartmut Haberland
 Steven Schaufele
 Kumiko Makihara
 Pier Marco Bertinetto


Steven Schaufele wrote:
Sanskrit is a mora-counting language in the same way that Latin and
Classical Greek are.
Short vowels count as 1 mora, long vowels as 2, and any consonant in
the coda (not only nasals) counts as 1 mora. "jewel"
 ya.jna.m "sacrifice" (acc.) "earth" "handsome"
 vi.kra.a.n.ti.m "victorious stride"

The critical distinction is between 1-mora syllables and syllables of
more than one mora; all traditional Sanskrit poetic prosody depends upon
this distinction between `light' and `heavy' syllables. Little attention
is paid to the distinction between 2-mora and 3-mora syllables.


Moraic features are similar to Sanskrit above.


Moraic features are similar to Sanskrit above.


 gerai ge.ra.i HLL "well"
 lova HLL "bed"
 diena LLH "afternoon"
 rytas ri.i.ta.s HLLL "morning"
 ac^iu a.a.Cu.u HLLL "thank you"
 labas LHLL "good"
 lovys LLLHL "tub"
 vakaras va.a.ka.ra.s LHLLLLL "evening"


 SEN-EN se.N.e.N [see~ee~] HLLL one thousand yen
 SENNEN [see~nee~] HLLL one thousand years
 SEIEN se.e.e.N [se::e~] LHHH cheering
 SEINEN [se:nee~] LHHH adolescent
 SEQKEN [se_kee~] LHHH soap ([_] shows silence)
 TEQSEN [tes:ee~] LHHH iron wire
 UMA [u-ma] LH horse (ordinary)
 UMA [mma] LH horse (colloq., fast speech)
 POKEQTO [poke_to] LHLL pocket

KILIVILA (KIRIWINA) "I will go" "he/she goes" "where" "I will do secretly" "they will ask you"'u "smoke" "wisdom" "this (bundle)" "bush, jungle" "they stay (in a place)" "he asks us" "people"


 I and M. Hall Dunn agree Finnish is mora-timed. But T. Salminen, P. M.
 Bertinetto disagree.

This list is not perfect. I will welcome any information about moraness.
Please send email to me. Sincerely.

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