LINGUIST List 8.1062

Fri Jul 18 1997

Books: Phonology & Phonetics

Editor for this issue: Ann Dizdar <>

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Message 1: New Book - Phonology & Phonetics

Date: 16 Jul 97 09:53:11 +0100
From: Kristi Long <>
Subject: New Book - Phonology & Phonetics

Rosenthall, Samuel; Vowel/Glide Alternation in a Theory of Constraint
Interaction; 0-8153-2884-2, cloth; 302 pages, $64; Garland Publishing;
Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics

Using Prince and Smolensky's Optimality Theory, this study shows that
the distribution of high vowels and glides is a consequence of
simultaneously comparing moraic and nonmoraic syllabifications of high
vowels for satisfaction of phonological constraints. A high vowel
surfaces when the moraic parse best satisfies the constraints and a
glide surfaces when the nonmoraic parse best satisfies the
constraints. This study concentrates on the syllabification of high
vowels in vowel sequences. The interlinguistic variation in
syllabification is shown to follow from different rankings of the same
set of phonological constraints.

First, it examines the syllabification of vowel sequences in languages
with only surface monophthongal vowels. In these languages, high
vowels are syllabified as vowels when followed by a consonant, but are
syllabified as glide when followed by another vowel. Furthermore, the
syllabification of nonhigh vowels varies across these
languages. Second, stress can influence the distribution of high
vowels. In Lenakel and Spanish, the generalization is that a high
vowel adjacent to a nonhigh vowel is a vowel when stressed, otherwise
it is a glide. This is shown to be a consequence of simultaneously
comparing candidate syllabifications and metrifcations of the vowel
sequence. Third, in a language like Berber, glides must be present
underlyingly, and these underlying glides can alternate with high
vowels. In this case, moraic and nonmoraic syllabifications of the
underlying glide are compared for constraint satisfaction.

(Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachusetts, 1994; revised with
new preface, bibliography, and index)

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