LINGUIST List 8.1081

Wed Jul 23 1997

Qs: Book, OCR Software, Backward Binding

Editor for this issue: Ann Dizdar <>

We'd like to remind readers that the responses to queries are usually best posted to the individual asking the question. That individual is then strongly encouraged to post a summary to the list. This policy was instituted to help control the huge volume of mail on LINGUIST; so we would appreciate your cooperating with it whenever it seems appropriate.


  1. Johanna Rubba, Book search
  2. David Beck, OCR Software
  3. agle, Query on Backward Binding

Message 1: Book search

Date: Wed, 23 Jul 1997 10:46:02 -0700 (PDT)
From: Johanna Rubba <>
Subject: Book search

I am trying to get my hands on a copy of a textbook that was published
by Harcourt Brace Jovanovich in 1985 and is now out of print and
permanently out of stock, acc. to HBJ's phone rep. It's called
_Writing Step by Step_ and is by Robert de Beaugrande. Some of you may
be familiar with his 1984 article that sets out a little bit of a
methodology for teaching grammar concepts and analysis skills using
the English competence of the students, "Forward to the basics:
Getting down to grammar" fom 1984's CCC journal. The book's ISBN # is

I have not found it in any of the U of CA online library catalogs, nor
the Cal State libraries that I can access online, nor the Library of
Congress (though I may have botched that search!)

If anyone knows of a source of this book, or has a spare copy they
could send me (I will take very good care of it!), please get in


Johanna Rubba	Assistant Professor, Linguistics ~
English Department, California Polytechnic State University ~
San Luis Obispo, CA 93407 ~
Tel. (805)-756-2184 E-mail: ~
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Message 2: OCR Software

Date: Wed, 23 Jul 1997 09:15:04 -0400
From: David Beck <>
Subject: OCR Software

After searching the Linguist archives, I see that this is a query that
has come up a number of times before, although only one answer (over 2
years ago) was ever posted, so I will ask again (and I *will* post a

Does anyone know of usefully-trainable OCR software for the Mac? By
this I mean software that can be trained to recognize (and remember) a
sufficient number of non-standard characters to be of use to a
linguist scanning texts written in an IPA-based orthography.

Thanks in advance.

David Beck
Dept. of Linguistics
University of Toronto
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Message 3: Query on Backward Binding

Date: Wed, 23 Jul 1997 09:51:20 +0100 (GMT+0100)
From: agle <>
Subject: Query on Backward Binding

Dear fellow linguists:

We are writing a paper on Backward Binding and need some judgements
concernig the English language. Specifically we want to know whether
the following structures with coindexation as intented yield
grammatical/ungrammatical sentences in English. Please mark with an
asterisk those that result in ungrammaticality

(1) John-i said that Bill wonders [which picture of himself-i] Bill
saw t

(2) Where did John-i see [which picture of him-i]?

(3) [Which picture of him-i] did John-i think that Bill saw?

Thanks in advance

Norberto Moreno-Quiben

Fundacion Ortega y Gasset and Cervantes Institute

Juan Romero

Universidad Autonoma de Madrid and Cervantes Insitute
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