LINGUIST List 8.1528

Sun Oct 26 1997

Sum: AmEng External Sandhi

Editor for this issue: Martin Jacobsen <>


  1. Mark Mandel, Summary: AmEng external sandhi

Message 1: Summary: AmEng external sandhi

Date: Fri, 24 Oct 1997 15:51:16 -0500
From: Mark Mandel <>
Subject: Summary: AmEng external sandhi

I asked on the LINGUIST List (#8.1442) and on ADS-L (the American
Dialect Soc'y list):

 I am looking for descriptions of external sandhi in American 
 English, especially such pronunciations as are often written 
 "gotcha" (for canonical "got you"). I will post a summary to the 
 list if there is sufficient interest. 

Many people kindly replied. Here is a summary of their replies:


Peter T. Daniels <> wrote:

You need the work of a short-lived school of phonology called "natural
generative phonology," which flourished(?) in the early 1970s in
connection with the generative semantics school centered on the
University of Chicago. The key name is David Stampe, whose
dissertation was originally called "What I did on my summer vacation"
but was retitled "A dissertation in natural phonology." You'll find
articles in this genre in the Proceedings of the Chicago Linguistic
Society from those years, and a volume from a Parasession on Natural
Phonology in 1975 or so.

[And I have the CLS volumes from that period at home, somewhere, 
from my Berkeley years. -- MAM] 


James Giangola <> recommended _Patterns of 
English Pronunciation_ by J. Donald Bowen (UCLA), 1975, provided 
some samples, and even offered to fax me the relevant pages. 

[Thanks, James, but I found a copy at MIT.]


Ben Brumfield <> pointed out a 
regional example: 

Piedmont Virginia (Pittsylvania County, at least) features the case of
/rajc yi:r/
For "Right Here"


Mel Resnick <> pointed me to his 

Resnick, Melvyn C. "The Redundant English Phonemes /c,j,s,z/." 
 Linguistics 86 (1972): 83-86.

Those symbols in the title are of course in place of the usual 
wedge symbols. 


Aaron Drews <> recommends "any introductory 
linguistics text for a description of GA (General American) 


The redoubtable Arnold Zwicky <> 

the problem here is that there's so much literature. for the 
GOTCHA stuff, one good place to start is joel rotenberg's 1978 mit 
dissertation, The Syntax of Phonology. 

[And whaddya know, Arnold, I found that one at MIT too!] 


Betty Phillips <> pointed me to

Holst, Tara & Francis Nolan. 1995. "The influence of syntactic 
structure on [s] to [ ] assimilation." _Phonology and Phonetic 
Evidence: Papers in Laboratory Phonology IV_. Eds. Bruce Connell & 
Amalia Arvaniti. Cambridge UP. 315-333. 
(where [ ] = "esh") 

[Also found at MIT.]


 Alan Grosenheider <> and 
mentioned some more English examples, and
 Kate McCreight <> 
described some work she's currently involved in.


My thanks to all!

 Mark A. Mandel : Senior Linguist : 
 Dragon Systems, Inc. : speech recognition : +1 617 965-5200 
 320 Nevada St., Newton, MA 02160, USA :
 Personal home page:
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