LINGUIST List 8.451

Wed Apr 2 1997

Sum: Lexical vs. pronominal subjects

Editor for this issue: Susan Robinson <>


  1. Lawrence B. Lewis, Lexical vs. pronominal subjects

Message 1: Lexical vs. pronominal subjects

Date: Mon, 31 Mar 1997 13:50:17 -0500 (EST)
From: Lawrence B. Lewis <>
Subject: Lexical vs. pronominal subjects

A few weeks ago, I asked for references on factors that influence
whether speakers (particularly children) produce lexical subjects 
versus pronominal subjects. The following is the list of references I
have received to date. Many thanks to all who responded.

 Ariel, M. (1985). The discourse functions of given information.
Theoretical Linguistics, 12, 99-113.
 Bennett-Kastor, T. (1983). Noun phrases and coherence in child
narrative. Journal of Child Language, 10, 135-149.
 Bennett-Kastor, T., & Hickey, T. (1993). Narrative development in
Irish: The noun phrase. Proceedings of the XVth International Congress of
Linguists. Universite Laval, Quebec.
 Bloom, L., Lightbown, P., & Hood, L. (1975). Structure and variation in
child language. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child 
Development, 40, (Serial No. 160). Reprinted in L. Bloom (1991). Language
development from two to three. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
 Bloom, L., Miller, P., & Hood, L. (1975). Variation and reduction
as aspects of competence in language development. In A. Pick (Ed.),
Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology, (Vol. 9, pp 3-55). Minneapolis MN:
University of Minnesota Press. Reprinted in L. Bloom (1991).
 Bloom, P. (1990). Subjectless sentences in child language. Linguistic
Inquiry, 21, 491-504.
 Bloom, P. (1993). Grammatical continuity in language development: The
case of subjectless sentences. Linguistic Inquiry, 24, 721-734.
 Brown, G., & and Yule, G. (1983) Discourse analysis. Cambridge 
University Press.
 Clancy, P. M. (1995). Subject and object in Korean acquisition:
Surface expression and casemarking. In Susumu Kuno, Ik-Hwan Lee,
John Whitman, Joan Maling, Young-Se Kang, and Young-joo Kim (Eds.),
Harvard Studies in Korean Linguistics, VI, 3-17.
 Clancy, P. M. (1996). Referential strategies and the co-construction
of argument structure in Korean acquisition. In Barbara Fox (Ed.), Studies
in anaphora. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: Benjamins, 33-68.
 Clancy, P. M. (1997). Discourse motivations of referential choice
in Korean acquisition. In Ho-min Sohn and John Haig (Eds.), Japanese/Korean
Linguistics, Vol. 6. Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications (Distributed by
Cambridge University Press, 639-659.
 Dale, P. S., & Crain-Thoreson, C. (1993). Pronoun reversals: Who,
when, & why? Journal of Child Language, 20, 573-589.
 DuBois, J. W. (1987). The discourse basis for ergativity. Language, 63,
 DuBois, J. W. (1980). Beyond definiteness: The trace of identity in
discourse. In W. Chafe (Ed.), The pear stories: Cognitive, cultural and
linguistic aspects of narrative production, (pp. 203-274). Norwood, NJ:
 Fisher, C., & Tokura, H. (1995). The given-new contract in speech to
infants. Journal of Memory and Language, 34, 287-310.
 Gundel, J., Hedberg, N., & Zacharski, R. (1993). Cognitive status and
the form of referring expressions in discourse. Language, 69 (2),
 Halliday, M. A. K., & Hasan, R. (1976). Cohesion in English.London: Longman.
 Hickmann, M. (1995). Discourse organization and the development of 
reference to person, space, and time. In P. Fletcher & B. MacWhinney
(Eds.), The handbook of child language (pp. 194-218). Oxford: Basil
 Hyams, N. & Wexler, K. (1993). On the grammatical basis of null subjects
in child language. Linguistic Inquiry, 24, 421-459.
 Karmiloff-Smith, A. (1979). A functional approach to child language: A
study of determiners and reference. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
 Li, C. N. (ed.). (1976). Subject and topic. New York: Academic Press.
 Limber, J. (1976). Unravelling competence, performance, and pragmatics
in the speech of young children. Journal of Child Language, 3, 309-318.
 MacWhinney, B., & Bates, E. (1978). Sentential devices for conveying
givenness and newness: A cross-cultural developmental study. Journal of
Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 17, 539-558.
 Pinker, S. (1984). Language learnability and language development.
(Chapter 4) Harvard University Press.
 Read, C., & Schreiber, P. (1982). Why short subjects are harder than
long subjects. In E. Wanner & L. Gleitman (Eds.), Language acquisition:
The state of the art (pp. 78 101). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
 Schnur, E., & Shatz, M. (1984). The role of maternal gesturing in
conversations with one-year-olds. Journal of Child Language, 11, 29-41.
 Toivainen, J. (1980). Inflectional affixes used by Finnish-speaking
children aged 1 3 years. (pp. 46-50) SKS, Helsinki. 
 Warden, D. (1976). The influence of context on children's use of 
identifying expressions and references. British Journal of Psychology, 67,
 Wigglesworth, G. (1990). Children's narrative acquisition: A study of
some aspects of reference and anaphora. First Language, 10, 105-125.
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