LINGUIST List 8.770

Fri May 23 1997

FYI: Exercises, Lg Resources, Workshop

Editor for this issue: T. Daniel Seely <>


  1. Marmo Soemarmo, Exercises on the Web
  2. Khalid Choukri, ELRA New Language Resources
  3. Helmer Strik, modeling pronunciation variation for ASR

Message 1: Exercises on the Web

Date: Tue, 20 May 1997 10:53:38 -0700
From: Marmo Soemarmo <>
Subject: Exercises on the Web

I put a sample of my exercises on the web. Check them out at:

In case you haven't checked out my Language Games, it's at:

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Message 2: ELRA New Language Resources

Date: Tue, 20 May 1997 20:06:14 +0200 (MET DST)
From: Khalid Choukri <>
Subject: ELRA New Language Resources

[ We apologise for the duplicate posting of this announcement ]



The new release of ELRA catalogue (vol2N1) has grown up and currently
 consists of:

1) Spoken resources: 37 databases in several languages (recordings from
 microphone, telephone, continuous speech, isolated words, phonetic
 distionaries, etc.).

2) Written resources:
 * 14 monolingual and multilingual corpora
 * 28 monolingual lexica
 * Around 60 multilingual lexica
 * A linguistic software platform and grammars development platform

3) Terminological resources: over 360 databases with a wide range of domains
and several languages (Catalan, Danish, English, French, German, Italian,
Latin, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Turkish).

Since our last news on this electronic list, new resources have been
negotiated by ELRA and are now available. These are:


 ELRA-S0035 Phonolex (BAS/DFKI):

PHONOLEX consists of a simple list of word forms (666,237 inflected words)
with a set of features e.g. orthography (German 'Umlauts' in LaTeX format,
capital nouns, old German spelling rules), linguistic information (nouns,
verbs, etc.), pronunciation and a list of empirical pronunciations.

Language: German
Format: ASCII
Mark-up: extended SAM-PA (PhonDat-Verbmobil)

- --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 ELRA-S0036 Speri-Data AG Basic dictionaries (colloquial

These dictionaries contain a daily-life vocabulary. They include phonetic
transcriptions with related phoneme lists. The following languages are

Language Entries
Danish 8,000
Dutch 12,000
English (UK) 8,000
Finnish 10,000
French 19,000
German 13,000
Italian 23,000
Norwegian 8,000
Portuguese 9,000
Spanish 13,000
Swedish 10,000

- --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 ELRA-S0037 Speri-Data AG Technical dictionaries:

All dictionaries contain phonetic transcriptions, with related phoneme
lists. The following dictionaries are available (the label basic dictionary
refers to the above ELRA-S0036):

Domain Entries
Banking French 10,200
Banking German 10,200
Banking Italian 10,200
Banking Spanish 10,200
Radiology German 42,000 (including basic dictionary)
Radiology English 16,000
Medical German 130,000 (including basic dictionary)
Jurisprudence German 31,000
Jurisprudence German 55,000 (including basic dictionary)
Insurance German & English 37,000

A peculiarity of medical dictionaries in German speaking countries has to be
taken into consideration: doctors in Germany, Austria and Switzerland may
not use the original technical terms in Latin but the Latin word in a
spelled manner or a German technical term (see examples below). Medical
dictionaries therefore have to contain three different terms.

Technical term Technical term Technical term
in Latin in German spelling in German

Appendicitis Appendizitis BlinddarmentzFCndung
Eccema	 Eczema Ekzem
Diarrhoe DiarrhF6 or DiarrhF6e Durchfall, Durchfluss
Carbunculus Karbunkel GeschwFCr

- --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 ELRA-S0038 Siemens VoiceMail (American English)

VoiceMail consists of 17,5 hours of read acoustic speech divided into 9,5
hours of transliterated speech and 8 hours of non-transliterated speech
recorded over the digital telephone network (ISDN) with 921 speakers
originated from the USA. It contains orthographic transliteration for about
25,000 utterrances (of 34,912 utterances in total).

Language: American English
Standard in use: headerless, one separate transliteration file comprising
all utterances of all speakers
Sampling rate: 8 kHz
Speakers: 377 males and 544 females
Size: 17,5 hours
Medium: 2 CD-ROM


 ELRA-L0021 Dictionary of French verbs - CORA:

This dictionary contains 25,610 verbs with usage domains, level of language
(familiar, popular, literary, Quebec and Swiss terms, etc.), conjugation,
auxiliary, verbal adjectives in -able, -ant or -E9, encoded syntactical
constructions (subject, direct & indirect object, adverb), sample phrases,
synonyms, operators enabling semantic-syntactic classification, encoding of
derived forms in -age, -ment, -tion, -oir, -ure, deverbal nouns, base words
from which verbs can be derived, a scale of usage ranging from 1 to 6, like
those used by commercial dictionaries (basic vocabulary, extended,
specialised, etc.).
Codes enable automatic production of conjugation forms, derived nouns and
adjectives and, if necessary, the production of potential forms.

- --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 ELRA-L0022 Dictionary of words - CORA:

This dictionary is composed of 126,844 words, with usage domains,
grammatical category, gender, number, uncountable, collective, adjectival,
nominal, verbal, adverbial derived forms according to the type of words.

- --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 ELRA-L0023 Dictionary of affixes - CORA:

4,286 suffixes and prefixes, plus information on their verbal, nominal or
adjectival bases or on the verbal basis of greco-latin items. This
dictionary does not include the suffixes contained in the dictionary of
French verbs (ELRA-L0021) and words (ELRA-L0022) such as -age, -ment, -if,

- --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 ELRA-L0024 Dictionary of verb phrases - CORA:

Dictionary of 3,480 entries based on the model of the dictionary of French
verbs (ELRA-L0021).

- --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 ELRA-L0025 Dictionary of invariable forms and phrases - CORA:

Dictionary of 4,783 entries based on the model of the dictionary of words

- --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 ELRA-L0026 Dictionary of exclamatory stereotyped phrases - CORA:

Dictionary of 1,901 entries based on the model of the dictionary of
invariable forms and phrases (ELRA-L0025).

- --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 ELRA-L0027 Dictionary of French local authorities - CORA:

38,965 entries in lower cases with accents, controlled on the guide
Michelin, without localities; A link can be made to the dictionary of words
(ELRA-L0022) which contains inhabitants' names and their correspondence with
town names.

- --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 ELRA-L0028 Dictionary of noun phrases and plural-only words -

2,138 compound names and 1,397 entries of plural-only words.

For further information, please contact :

 87, Avenue d'Italie
 FR-75013 PARIS
 Tel : +33 01 45 86 53 00
 Fax : +33 01 45 86 44 88
 E-mail :

Tel. +33 1 45 86 53 00
Fax. +33 1 45 86 44 88
87, Avenue D'ITALIE, 75013 PARIS
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Message 3: modeling pronunciation variation for ASR

Date: Wed, 21 May 1997 10:03:58 +0200 (MDT)
From: Helmer Strik <striklet.kun.NL>
Subject: modeling pronunciation variation for ASR

Below is some information on the workshop 
'modeling pronunciation variation for automatic speech recognition'
that will be organized from 4-6 May 1998 in The Netherlands. 
More information about the workshop is available at


 advance notice 
 ESCA Tutorial and Research Workshop on 
 4-6 May 1998 

 at Rolduc, a former monestary in the city of Kerkrade
 in the south of The Netherlands 
 Organized by 
 European Speech Communication Association 
 COST Telecom Action 249 
 Continuous Speech Recognition over the Telephone 
 'Automatic Acoustic Recognition Technologies' 
 Dept. of Language & Speech 
 Nijmegen University 


 Automatic Speech Recognizers (ASR's) have improved substantially
 during the last decade. It has now become possible to use ASR's for
 many practical applications. However, when ASR's are used (and
 tested) under realistic conditions, the problem of pronunciation
 variation almost always emerges. This problem has been recognized
 by several research groups, and more and more effort is spent
 nowadays on solving this problem (see e.g. the steadily growing
 number of publications on this topic, especially in conference

 During this workshop we want to discuss this problem in depth and
 the different ways in which it could be solved. Although part of
 pronunciation variation is certainly language-dependent (i.e. the
 phonological and phonetic processes differ between languages), a
 large part of the variation is language independent. Furthermore,
 the techniques that can be used to solve this problem, i.e. to
 model pronunciation variation for ASR, are usually


 Up-to-date information about the workshop is available at


 Elizabeth Shriberg
 Herve Bourlard 
 Li Deng 
 Lori Lamel 
 Mari Ostendorf 
 Patti Price 
 Roger Moore 
 Rolf Carlson 
 Sadaoki Furui 
 Steve Young 


 Helmer Strik 
 Dept. of Language and Speech 
 P.O. Box 9103 
 6500 HD Nijmegen 
 The Netherlands 31-24-3616104 
 Fax nr.: 31-24-3615939 
 E-mail : 
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