LINGUIST List 8.929

Thu Jun 26 1997

Sum: angry/hungry

Editor for this issue: Ann Dizdar <>


  1. alan harris, angry/hungry et al?

Message 1: angry/hungry et al?

Date: Tue, 17 Jun 1997 02:58:31 -0700 (PDT)
From: alan harris <>
Subject: angry/hungry et al?

Here are the responses to my request for other words that end in -gry
in English. I must say that i got much more than I bargained for!
Thank you to all of you.

 Alan C. Harris, Ph. D. TELNOS: main off: 818-677-2853
 Professor, Communication/Linguistics direct off: 818-677-2874
 Speech Communication Department
 California State University, Northridge home: 818-366-3165
 SPCH CSUN FAX: 818-677-2663 
 Northridge, CA 91330-8257 INTERNET email: ALAN.HARRISCSUN.EDU 
 WWW homepage:

>From Alysse or Dan Rasmussen <>
Subject: The Infamous -gry :-)

	... (blue glass bead found under the earth
	in parts of Affrica ... from Fulani, in Ghana)
puggry ... a kind of scarf
meagry ... of meager appearance

if sounds counted: pedigree, filigree
Alysse Rasmussen
Instructor, LSCC
From: Risto Widenius <>

the question about gry-words is a re-emergent question in rec.puzzles
and has its own section in the rec.puzzles FAQ. The FAQ is accessible
in the WWW:

 Linkname: rec.puzzles Archive (language), part 18 of 35


>Q: "'angry"--"'hungry" : what are the other words that end in -gry-
>(ngry?) (with first syllable stress?) in English ? TIA, ach

The only other word in the Shorter Oxford Dictionary ending in -gry is
the word aggry, or aggri, a type of African glass bead.
>From Raphael Salkie <>

There is a web page, believe it or not, entirely devoted to this
question. The URL is

The contents are at the end of this message.

Raphael Salkie, Tel: (+44) 01273 643335
The Language Centre, Tel: (+44) 01273 643337
University of Brighton Tel: (+44) 01273 600900
Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9PH

Fax: (+44) 01273 690710
*** INTERSECT Web page:

 Santa Cruz Public Libraries, California

 GRY Words

- --------------------------------------------------------------------------

This is a copy of a document compiled by Arlet
Otten( It is used here by permission.

Aside from "angry" and "hungry" and words derived therefrom, there is
only one word ending with "-gry" in Webster's Third Unabridged:
"aggry." However, this word is defective in that it is part of a
phrase "aggry beads." The OED's usage examples all talk about "aggry

Moving to older dictionaries, we find that "gry" itself is a word in
Webster's Second Unabridged (and the OED):

gry, n. [L. gry, a trifle; Gr. gry, a grunt]
 1. a measure equal to one-tenth of a line. [Obs.] (Obs. = obsolete)
 2. anything very small. [Rare.]

This is a list of 100 words, phrases and names ending in "gry":
[Explanation of references is given at the end of the list.]

aggry [OED:1:182; W2; W3]
Agry Dagh (Mount Agry) [EB11]
ahungry [OED:1:194; FW; W2]
angry [OED; FW; W2; W3]
anhungry [OED:1:332; W2]
Badagry [Johnston; EB11]
Ballingry [Bartholomew:40; CLG:151; RD:164, pl.49]
begry [OED:1:770,767]
bewgry [OED:1:1160]
bowgry [OED:1:1160]
braggry [OED:1:1047]
Bugry [TIG]
Chockpugry [Worcester]
Cogry [BBC]
cony-gry [OED:2:956]
conyngry [OED:2:956]
Croftangry [DFC, as "Chrystal Croftangry"]
dog-hungry [W2]
Dshagry [Stieler]
Dzagry [Andree]
eard-hungry [CED (see "yird"); CSD]
Echanuggry [Century:103-104, on inset map, Key 104 M 2]
Egry [France; TIG]
ever-angry [W2]
fire-angry [W2]
Gagry [EB11]
gry (from Latin _gry_) [OED:4/2:475; W2]
gry (from Romany _grai_) [W2]
haegry [EDD (see "hagery")]
half-angry [W2]
hangry [OED:1:329]
heart-angry [W2]
heart-hungry [W2]
higry pigry [OED:5/1:285]
hogry [EDD (see "huggerie"); CSD]
hogrymogry [EDD (see "huggerie"); CSD (as "hogry-mogry")]
hongry [OED:5/1:459; EDD:3:282]
huggrymuggry [EDD (see "huggerie"); CSD (as "huggry-muggry")]
hungry [OED; FW; W2; W3]
Hungry Bungry [Daily Illini, in ad for The Giraffe, Spring 1976]
iggry [OED]
Jagry [EB11]
kaingry [EDD (see "caingy")]
land-hungry [OED; W2]
leather-hungry [OED]
Langry [TIG; Times]
Lisnagry [Bartholomew:489]
MacLoingry [Phillips (as "Flaithbhertach MacLoingry")]
mad-angry [OED:6/2:14]
mad-hungry [OED:6/2:14]
magry [OED:6/2:36, 6/2:247-48]
malgry [OED:6/2:247]
man-hungry [OED]
Margry [Indians (see "Pierre Margry" in bibliog., v.2, p.1204)]
maugry [OED:6/2:247-48]
mawgry [OED:6/2:247]
meagry [OED:6/2:267]
meat-hungry [W2]
menagry [OED (see "managery")]
messagry [OED]
nangry [OED]
overangry [RH1; RH2]
Pelegry [CE (in main index as "Raymond de Pelegry")]
Pingry [Bio-Base; HPS:293-94, 120-21]
podagry [OED; W2 (below the line)]
Pongry [Andree (Supplement, p.572)]
pottingry [OED:7/2:1195; Jamieson:3:532]
puggry [OED:8/1:1573; FW; W2]
pugry [OED:8/1:1574]
rungry [EDD:5:188]
scavengry [OED (in 1715 quote under "scavengery")]
Schtschigry [LG/1:2045; OSN:97]
Seagry [TIG; EB11]
Segry [Johnston; Andree]
self-angry [W2]
self-hungry ?
Shchigry [CLG:1747; Johnson:594; OSN:97,206; Times:185,pl.45]
shiggry [EDD]
Shtchigry [LG/1:2045; LG/2:1701]
Shtshigry [Lipp]
skugry [OED:9/2:156, 9/1:297; Jamieson:4:266]
Sygry [Andree]
Tangry [France]
Tchangry [Johnson:594; LG/1:435,1117]
Tchigry [Johnson:594]
tear-angry [W2]
tike-hungry [CSD]
Tingry [France; EB11 (under "Princesse de Tingry")]
toggry [Simmonds (as "Toggry", but all entries are capitalized)]
ulgry [Partridge; Smith:24-25]
unangry [OED; W2]
vergry [OED:12/1:123]
Virgy [CLG:2090]
Wirgy [CLG:2090; NAP:xxxix; Times:220, pl.62; WA:948]
wind-hungry [W2]
yeard-hungry [CED (see "yird")]
yerd-hungry [CED (see "yird"); OED]
yird-hungry [CED (see "yird")]
Ymagry [OED:1:1009 (col. 3, 1st "boss" verb), (variant of "imagery")]

This list was gathered from the following articles:

George H. Scheetz, In Goodly Gree: With Goodwill, Word Ways 22:195
(Nov. 1989)
Murray R. Pearce, Who's Flaithbhertach MacLoingry?, Word Ways 23:6
(Feb. 1990)
Harry B. Partridge, Gypsy Hobby Gry, Word Ways 23:9 (Feb. 1990)
A. Ross Eckler, -Gry Words in the OED, Word Ways 25:4 (Nov. 1992)

(Many references are of the form [Source:volume:page] or

Andree, Richard. Andrees Handatlas (index volume). 1925.
Bartholomew, John. Gazetteer of the British Isles: Statistical and
 Topographical. 1887.
BBC = BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of English Names.
Bio-Base. (Microfiche) Detroit: Gale Research Company. 1980.
CE = Catholic Encyclopedia. 1907.
CED = Chambers English Dictionary. 1988.
Century = "India, Northern Part." The Century Atlas of the World. 
CLG = The Colombia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World. L.E.Seltzer, 
CSD = Chambers Scots Dictionary. 1971 reprint of 1911 edition.
Daily Illini (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign).
DFC = Dictionary of Fictional Characters. 1963.
EB11 = Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th ed.
EDD = The English Dialect Dictionary. Joseph Wright, ed. 1898.
France = Map Index of France. G.H.Q. American Expeditionary 
Forces. 1918.
FW = Funk & Wagnalls New Standard Dictionary of the English 
HPS = The Handbook of Private Schools: An Annual Descriptive 
Survey of Independent Education, 66th ed. 1985.
Indians = Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. F. W. 
Hodge. 1912.
Jamieson, John. An Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language.
Johnston, Keith. Index Geographicus... 1864.
LG/1 = Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing
 or Geographical Dictionary of the World. 1888.
LG/2 = Lippincott's New Gazetteer: ... 1906.
Lipp = Lippincott's Pronouncing Gazetteer of the World. 1861, undated
 edition from late 1800's; 1902.
NAP = Narodowy Atlas Polski. 1973-1978 [Polish language]
OED = The Oxford English Dictionary. 1933. [Form: OED:volume/part 
number if applicable:page]
OSN: U.S.S.R. Volume 6, S-T. Official Standard Names Approved by the
United States Board on Geographic Names. Gazetteer #42, 2nd ed. June
Partridge, Harry B. "Ad Memoriam Demetrii." Word Ways, 19 (Aug. 1986):
Phillips, Lawrence. Dictionary of Biographical Reference. 1889.
RD = The Reader's Digest Complete Atlas of the British Isles, 1st ed.
RH1 = Random House Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged. 
RH2 = Random House Dictionary of the English Language, Second Edition
 Unabridged. 1987.
Simmonds, P.L. Commercial Dictionary of Trade Products. 1883.
Smith, John. The True Travels, Adventvres and Observations: London 
Stieler, Adolph. Stieler's Handatlas (index volume). 1925.
TIG = The Times Index-Gazetteer of the World. 1965.
Times = The Times Atlas of the World, 7th ed. 1985.
W2 = Webster's New International Dictionary of the English Language,
 Second Edition, Unabridged. 1934.
W3 = Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English 
Language, Unabridged. 1961.
WA = The World Atlas: Index-Gazetteer. Council of Ministires of the 
USSR, 1968.
Worcester, J.E. Universal Gazetteer, Second Edition. 1823.

Some words containing "gry" that do not end with "gry": agrypnia,
agrypnotic, Gryllidae, gryllid, gryllus, Gryllus, grylloblattid,
Gryllotalpa, gryllos, grypanian, Gryphaea, Gryll, Gryphaea, gryposis,
grysbok, gryphon, Gryphosaurus, Grypotherium, grysbuck. Most of these
are in Webster's Second also with one from Webster's Third Edition and
one from the Random House Dictionary, Second Edition Unabridged.

- --------------------------------------------------------------------------
Santa Cruz Public Libraries' Home Page
From: "F.Baube" <>
Subject: Re: -gry- in English
hah ! you fell for an old one !
> Q: "'angry"--"'hungry" : what are the other words that end in -gry-
> (ngry?) (with first syllable stress?) in English ? TIA, ach

the question was phrased something like

"Two words in the English language end in "-gry",
 viz. "angry" and "hungry". What is the third word
 in the English language that ends in "-gry" ?"

it's a trick question, the "answer" is to place
quotes around 

	the English language that ends in "-gry" ?"

and the answer is "language"
F.Baube(tm) * "After all, what is 'all' ?"
G.U. MSFS '88 * "'Tis but a device, really. A sum of
fredkirjasto. * what we know and what we don't know." * -- Turku grafitti
#include <disclaimer.h>
From: Allan Wechsler <>

A search of a fairly hefty corpus of Wall Street Journal articles
yields the following. The number before the colon is the frequency
rank (possibly off by one or two due to lazy software), the number
after the colon is the number of occurrences in the corpus. I
eliminated obvious typos (which are preserved in the corpus), but left
in SAVAGRY to give you the flavor of a typical spurious word. I have
no idea what any of these mean, except the two common ones; my guess
is that they are also typos whose nature would be revealed by context.
I don't have the context, unfortunately, only the summary

1930:11009	ANGRY
5049:3012	HUNGRY
118101:6	MARGRY
173710:3	PINGRY
175087:3	KINGRY
189044:2	SAVAGRY
189654:2	EGRY

From: Dr Klopper <>

1. This note is in response to your query re. "gry".
2. I'm not sure that my response will be useful for the problem that
you are working on, but here it is in any case:
3. Diacronically the "y" is a denominal adjectiviser, a derivational
morpheme that is used to derive adjectives from nouns as in:
anger + y = angry
hunger + y = hungry
4. "y" is a close cousin of "ly" as in lovely, smartly, angrily
frightfully, closely, sadly, badly etc. Most of these words seem to
express emotive states.

Rembrandt Klopper

alas, an automated search on the 110,000 words in WordNet 1.5
only gives angry and hungry.
Paul Boersma
Instituut voor Fonetische Wetenschappen
Herengracht 338, 1016CG Amsterdam
tel: +31-20-5252385 / 5252183 (fax: 5252197)
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