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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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Modal Auxiliaries and Futurity

Date Submitted: 15-Nov-2009
From: Andre Parsons
Subject: Modal Auxiliaries and Futurity
Contact Email: click here to access email
Institution/Organization: Hokkaido University of Education - Hakodate Campus

Notice: Hello everyone,

I am currently writing a research paper on modal auxiliaries and futurity, with a focus on the following: will, should, must and ought to. I am especially interested in the sentences of the following nature:

By March, you should read five books.
By March, you should have read five books.

I intend to conduct an acceptability judgment survey in order to determine a) how appropriate these sentences are
b) how grammatical these sentences are

I have found several sources (books) to help me with my research, but have been unable to find any articles related to this topic so far. If anyone knows where I may be able to find such articles, I would greatly appreciate it.