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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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Title: Optimality Theory and Morphology
Author(s): Zheng Xu
Journal Title: Language and Linguistics Compass
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Page Range: 466-484
Publication Date: Jul-2011
Abstract: This article introduces Realization Optimality Theory, a novel and promising morphological framework which adopts the formalism of Optimality Theory and encodes the morphological realization rules of, for example, Aronoff (1994) as ranked violable constraints. These language-particular realization constraints are interspersed with universal markedness constraints of morphology. This treatment of morphological realization in terms of constraints successfully accounts for various widely discussed morphological phenomena such as blocking and extended morphological exponence, the emergence of an unmarked morph under morpho-phonological conditions, syncretism and partial identity of forms.

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