"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Interlanguage Refusals: A Cross-cultural Study of Japanese-English
Face-threatening speech acts such as refusals present particular problems for all human beings. These problems are exacerbated when individuals are not familiar with the culture in which these speech acts must be performed and do not have the communicative or linguistic facility to fully express their meanings. This book takes an in-depth look at the speech act of refusals as performed in English by native speakers of Japanese. The data-base comes from video-taped exchanges between native speakers of English and native speakers of Japanese during which the Japanese non-native speaker attempts a refusal. The analysis of these sequences approaches the issues from multiple research perspectives, most notably, second language acquisition and pragmatic speech acts. This book looks at interactional aspects of refusal sequences including the non-native speaker's evolving moves, responsive behaviors, and use of non-verbal resources. The focus is on how non-native speakers deal with the pragmalinguistic and interactional problems inherent in performing a face-threatening act and the kind of feedback that they receive in the course of the interaction.
This book is of interest for those involved in general linguistics, pragmatics, discourse analysis, and applied linguistics.