"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This book has two main goals: the re-establishment of a rule-based
phonology as a viable alternative to current non-derivational models, and
the rehabilitation of historical evidence as a focus of phonological
theory. Although lexical phonology includes several constraints, such as
the Derived Environment Condition and Structure Preservation, intended to
reduce abstractness, previous versions have not typically exploited these
fully. The model of lexical phonology presented here imposes the Derived
Environment Condition strictly; introduces a new constraint on the shape of
underlying representations; excludes underspecification; and suggests an
integration of lexical phonology with articulatory phonology. Together,
these innovations ensure a substantially more concrete phonology. The
constrained model is tested against a number of well-known processes of
English, Scottish and American accents, including the Vowel Shift Rule, the
Scottish Vowel Length Rule, and [r]-insertion, and draws interesting
distinctions between what is derivable by rule and what is not.