"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Language, Power and Pedagogy: Bilingual Children in the Crossfire
KEY FEATURES * Links theory, research, policy and practice as a means of contributing to the improvement of educational practice * Cummins conceptualises the relationship between theory and practice as two-way and ongoing * Not only explores language learning and teaching issues, but also the influence of power relations in society
DESCRIPTION As linguistic diversity increases in countries around the world, policy- makers and educators are faced with complex and conflictual egarding appropriate ways of educating a multilingual school population. This volume reviews the research and theory relating to instruction and assessment of bilingual pupils, focusing not only on issues of language learning and teaching but also the ways in which power relations in the wider society affect patterns of teacher-pupil interaction in the classroom.
CONTENTS PART I Theory as Dialogue 1. Issues and Contexts; 2. Language Interaction in the Classroom: from Coercive to Collaborative Relations of Power PART II The Nature of Language Proficiency 3. Language Proficiency in Academic Contexts; 4. Critiques of the Conversational/Academic Language Proficiency Distinction; 5. Assessing Second Language Proficiency among Adults; 6. Dilemmas of Inclusion PART III From Bilingual Education to Transformative Pedagogy 7. The Threshold and Interdependence Hypotheses Revisited; 8. Research, Theory and Policy in Bilingual Education: Evaluating the Credibility of Empirical Data; 9. Challenging the Discourse of Disempowerment through Critical Dialogue; 10. Transformative Pedagogy Reference
Subject (Book Data classification): Teaching of ethnic minorities (E352), Bilingualism and multilingualism (L225)