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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.

Book Information


Title: Up and down the Cline - The Nature of Grammaticalization
Edited By: Olga Fischer
Muriel Norde
Harry Perridon
URL: http://www.benjamins.com/cgi-bin/t_bookview.cgi?bookid=TSL%2059
Series Title: Typological Studies in Language 59

The basic idea behind this volume is to probe the nature of grammaticalization. Its contributions focus on the following questions: (i) In how far can grammaticalization be considered a universal diachronic process or mechanism of change and in how far is it conditioned by synchronic factors? (ii) What is the role of the speaker in grammaticalization? (iii) Does grammaticalization itself provide a cause for change or is it an epiphenomenon, i.e. a conglomeration of causal factors/mechanisms which elsewhere occur independently? (iv) If it is epiphenominal, how do we explain that similar pathways so often occur in known cases of grammaticalization? (v) Is grammaticalization unidirectional? (vi) What is the nature of the parameters guiding grammaticalization? The overall aim of the book is to enrich our understanding of what grammaticalization does or does not entail via detailed case studies in combination with theoretical and methodological discussions.

Table of contents

Preface vii
Introduction: In search of grammaticalization
Olga Fischer, Muriel Norde and Harry Perridon 1–16
On directionality in language change with particular reference to grammaticalization
Martin Haspelmath 17–44
Rescuing traditional (historical) linguistics from grammaticalization theory
Brian D. Joseph 45–71
The English s-genitive: A case of degrammaticalization?
Anette Rosenbach 73–96
An investigation into the marginal modals dare and need in British present-day English: A corpus-based approach
Martine Taeymans 97–114
Redefining unidirectionality: Is there life after modality?
Debra Ziegeler 115–135
From pronominalizer to pragmatic marker: Implications for unidirectionality from a crosslinguistic perspective
Foong Ha Yap, Stephen Matthews and Kaoru Horie 137–168
Conditionals and subjectification: Implications for a theory of semantic change
Jacqueline Visconti 169–192
Unidirectionality in the grammaticalization of modality in Greek
Anastasios Tsangalidis 193–209
How cognitive is grammaticalization? The history of the Catalan perfet perifràstic
Ulrich Detges 211–227
Perfect and resultative constructions in spoken and non-standard English
Jim Miller 229–246
Grammaticalization and standardization
Lea Laitinen 247–262
External factors behind cross-linguistic similarities
Ilona Herlin and Lari Kotilainen 263–279
What constitutes a case of grammaticalization? Evidence from the development of copulas from demonstratives in Passamaquoddy
Eve Ng 281–298
Multi-categorial items as underspecified lexical entries: The case of Kambera wàngu
Marian Klamer 299–323
The acquisition of polysemous forms: The case of bei2 (“give”) in Cantonese
Kwok-shing Wong 325–343
Phonetic absence as syntactic prominence: Grammaticalization in isolating tonal languages
Umberto Ansaldo and Lisa Lim 345–362
Grammaticalization of word order: Evidence from Lithuanian
Sergey Say 363–384

Publication Year: 2004
Publisher: John Benjamins
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Historical Linguistics
Linguistic Theories
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
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Format: Hardback
ISBN: 1588115046
ISBN-13: 9781588115041
Pages: viii, 406 pp.
Prices: U.S. $ 169
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 9027229686
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: viii, 406 pp.
Prices: Europe EURO 125.00
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 1588115054
ISBN-13: 9781588115058
Pages: viii, 406 pp.
Prices: U.S. $ 88
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 9027229694
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: viii, 406 pp.
Prices: Europe EURO 65.00