"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing
The architectures and mechanisms underlying language processing form one
important part of the general structure of cognition. This book, written by
leading experts in the field, brings together linguistic, psychological,
and computational perspectives on some of the fundamental issues. Several
general introductory chapters offer overviews on important psycholinguistic
research frameworks and highlight both shared assumptions and controversial
issues. Subsequent chapters explore syntactic and lexical mechanisms;
statistical and connectionist models of language understanding; the crucial
importance of linguistic representations in explaining behavioral
phenomena; evidence from a variety of studies and methodologies concerning
the interaction of syntax and semantics; and the implications for cognitive
architecture. The book concludes with a set of contributions on select
issues of interpretation, including quantification, focus, and anaphora in
language understanding. Architectures and Mechanisms for Language
Processing will appeal to students and scholars alike as a comprehensive
and timely survey of recent work in this interdisciplinary area. "This
book represents the state of the art in sentence processing, with
interesting examples and opportunities for computational modeling."