"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Phonological Projection: A Theory of Feature Content and Prosodic Structure
This book deals with the relation between the feature content of segments and the prosodic structure headed by those segments. It also presents several important contributions to the framework of Optimality Theory. Apart from this, the volume will make available many new data to phonologists working in other frameworks.
Introduction The Headedness of syllables - Theoretical background - Data - Organisation of the book
Vowel quality and rhyme structure in Dutch Introduction - The Dutch vowel system - Tenseness versus length: The case of Dutch - A theory based on the feature lax - [lax] and syllable structure in vowel harmony - Some more arguments for the length of A-vowels - Richness of the base - Conclusion - Appendix: Historical overview Tilburg Dutch and Standard Dutch vowel length Details in the Standard Dutch vowel system - A dialect with real length: Tilburg Dutch - Derivation of the Dutch vowel system Derived schwa in Dutch Introduction - Properties of r-schwa - Properties of e-schwa - Summary and conclusion Dutch U-schwa Introduction - Properties of u-schwa - Previous analyses of u-schwa - Remaining problems - Conclusion - Table of properties Schwa in French and Norwegian Introduction - French - Norwegian - Conclusion A vowel-glide alternation in Rotterdam Dutch Introduction - The second person clitic - The diminutive suffix - Sievers's Law - Other issues - Conclusion The projection constraint family Introduction - Projection and weakness - The foot level - The N level - The rhyme - Nuclear level - Features - Constraints conflicting with projection and weakness - Conclusion Appendices Constraints and families of constraints Prosodic well-formedness - Autosegmental representations - Feature co-occurrence and licensing - Parsing - Constraints against unnecessary structure - Ad hoc constraint Arguments for ranking Topology of the Dutch lexicon - Topology of the Dutch post-lexical phonology Ranking schemes Topology of the Standard Dutch lexicon - Topology of the Standard Dutch post-lexical phonology - Topology of the French phonology - Topology of the Rotterdam Dutch phonology References Language Index Subject Index