This work introduces Russian theories of language from the Vygotskian perspective. The holistic nature of Russian psychology is highlighted, viewing the personality development of each individual as a whole. Vygostky's interdisciplinary approach to education, termed pedology, is examined. This work also opens a discussion of language: code, representation, image, imagination, imitation, and mimesis. Vygotskian thought is compared with Chaos Theory/Complexity Theory on a philosophical level.