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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Book Information

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Title: Markedness and Faithfulness in Vowel Systems
Written By: Viola Guilia
Series Title: Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics

This book investigates various phenomena affecting both stressed and unstressed vowels in Romance languages. Viola Miglio constructs a synchronic analysis of the influence of stress or lack thereof in Romance languages using Optimality Theory. The author also applies the same tools to the vowel changes that occurred during the English Great Vowel Shift.

Using examples from Catalan, Mantuan, and Portuguese, this book analyzes vowel reduction, loss, as well as contrast neutralization, which involves a change of vowel quality in stressless syllables favoring vowels that are maximally distinguishable from one another. This analysis provides classifications of vowel reduction phenomena through the interaction of markedness constraints, markedness cooccurrence constraints, and faithfulness and positional faithfulness constraints.

Publication Year: 2004
Publisher: Routledge (Taylor and Francis)
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Historical Linguistics
Subject Language(s): Catalan-Valencian-Balear
Language Family(ies): Romance
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Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0415967805
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 176
Prices: U.S. $ 65.00