"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This book investigates various phenomena affecting both stressed and unstressed vowels in Romance languages. Viola Miglio constructs a synchronic analysis of the influence of stress or lack thereof in Romance languages using Optimality Theory. The author also applies the same tools to the vowel changes that occurred during the English Great Vowel Shift.
Using examples from Catalan, Mantuan, and Portuguese, this book analyzes vowel reduction, loss, as well as contrast neutralization, which involves a change of vowel quality in stressless syllables favoring vowels that are maximally distinguishable from one another. This analysis provides classifications of vowel reduction phenomena through the interaction of markedness constraints, markedness cooccurrence constraints, and faithfulness and positional faithfulness constraints.