"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Lexical, Pragmatic, and Positional Effects on Prosody in Two Dialects of Croatian and Serbian
This book looks at the interaction between pragmatics, prosody, and lexical contrast as factors that condition variation in pitch and duration in two closely related dialects of Croatian and Serbian. The dialects differ in the presence or absence of a lexical contrast for phonological pitch and for vowel duration. The research is based on an acoustic study of pitch and duration, and the results indicate that cross-dialectal variation in prosodic features can be as large as the variation that is found across distinct languages. An important finding is that the expression of narrow focus is limited by the existence of lexical prosodic contrasts. This study sheds light on the principles that govern the phonetic implementation of lexical, prosodic, and pragmatic information, and has implications for intonational phonology and the typology of prosodic systems. This study also makes a significant contribution to Croatian and Serbian dialectology.