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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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Title: Elements of the English Sentence
Written By: Majzoub R. Omer
Aisha Hamid Mohamed-Sayidina
Series Title: LINCOM Language Textbooks 03
Description:

Elements of the English Sentence is intended for advanced students of
English grammar studying at the undergraduate or post-graduate level. The text is also extremely useful as a reference guide for EFL/ESL teachers of
English Grammar and composition.

The text views the English sentence as consisting of various formal and functional categories, operating at different syntactic ranks related to each other in a hierarchical fashion. The word represents the lowest syntactic rank. It contains various formal categories such as nouns, verbs, and adjectives. These are discussed with reference to their formal, semantic, and functional features. The latter refers to the functional categories they express within the syntactic rank just above the word, the group.

Groups (made up of words) are discussed in terms of their types (e.g., noun, adjective, embedded, non-embedded groups), their internal functional categories (pre-modifier, head, post-modifier), and the functional categories they express within the syntactic rank just above the group, the clause. The group's functional categories are discussed in terms of what they mean, their position in relation to each other within the group, and the formal categories used to realize them.These are typically words, but they can be embedded groups or bound clauses.

Clauses (made up of groups) are discussed in terms of their types (e.g., free, bound, finite, non-finite, embedded, non-embedded, nominal, adjectival), their syntactic relations to each other (coordination, subordination), and their internal functional categories (e.g., subject, object, compliment). These are discussed in terms of what they mean, where they occur within the clause, how they are combined to make different clause patterns, and what formal categories are used to express them. These are typically groups but they are often embedded bound clauses.

The sentence (made up of clauses as its formal elements) is the highest syntactic rank. Sentences are different types according to their meaning (e.g., declarative, interrogative, imperative) or their form with reference to the clause complexes they contain (e.g., complex, compound).

The text ends with a comprehensive list of all the formal categories at the different syntactic ranks, together with the functional categories expressed by each. Each chapter ends with many exercises meant to provide intensive practical work for the book user. The text also provides an answer key to the exercises in order to help those studying independently.

Publication Year: 2004
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Applied Linguistics
Syntax
ESL
Subject Language(s): English
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Versions:
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 3895863434
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 263
Prices: Europe EURO 42