"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The Algebraic Mind: Integrating Connectionism and Cognitive Science
In The Algebraic Mind, Gary F. Marcus integrates two competing theories about how the mind works, one which says that the mind is a computer-like manipulator of symbols, and another which says that the mind is a large network of neurons working together in parallel. Refuting the conventional wisdom that says that if the mind is a large neural network it cannot simultaneously be a manipulator of symbols, Marcus shows how neural systems could be organized so as to manipulate symbols, why such systems explain language and cognition better than systems that eschew symbols, how such system could evolve, and how they might unfold developmentally within the womb. The Algebraic Mind revamps our understanding of models in cognitive neuroscience and helps to set a new agenda for the field.