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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Title: Dependency reversal in noun-attributive constructions
Subtitle: towards a typology
Written By: Andrej L. Malchukov
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Language Typology 03

This study is conceived as a contribution to a tyoplogy of attributive contructions, focussing on constructions exhibiting splits of head proporties. The term "dependency reversal in noun-attributive constructions" (DNRA) is used to refer to possessive-like attributive constructions (of the type (that) idiot of a doctor), with the attribute surfacing as the formal head and the semantic head surfacing as the formal possessor. The body of the study presents a discussion of DNRA contructions as attested in six individual languages: Even (resp. other Tungusic languages), Aleut, Hausa, Gude, Chinook and Latin. The variation of the
DNRA patterns, in particular along the parameter of the attribute’s upgrading/recategorization, is further considered.

Following the lines of structure-based typologies, an upward taxonomy of
DNRA structures is presented to include other cases of constructions involving the attribute’s upgrading and the head (-to-possessor) demotion.
In search of DNRA related patterns the discussion is extended to internal relative clauses and constructions with "dominant attributes." Finally factors favouring the rise of DNRA structures are tentatively considered: apart from diachronic factors, underdifferentiation of lexical categories as well as pragmatic salience of the attribute are shown to contribute to
DNRA processes.

2nd printing.

Publication Year: 2004
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Semantics
Subject Language(s): Aleut
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Format: Paperback
ISBN: 3895866830
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 54
Prices: Europe EURO 32