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The Social Origins of Language

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Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

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This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


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Book Information

   
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Title: Autosegmental Representation in a Declarative Constraint-Based Framework
Written By: James M. Scobbie
Description:

The book examines the formal characterization of multiple association from the perspective of a declarative constraint-based phonological framework. Both the autosegmental and constraint-based aspects of the book are highly relevant to recent developments in phonological theory, predating the current interest in constraint interaction and optimization. Inspired by the empirical and formal success of Unification-Based grammars, all phonological rules and representations are interpreted as hard constraints on well-formedness. In general then, constraints are simply conjoined, and faithfulness to the lexical entry is obligatory. Alternations arise from underspecification . The multiple sequenced tiers of Autosegmental Phonology are shown to be redundant, and linear order is limited to the root tier. Association is then defined as the inverse of dominance within the feature geometry, so multiple association is co-dominance of a feature by two roots. The No Crossing Constraint is not applicable since non-root features are not on sequenced tiers, and the Sharing Constraint is introduced instead as the key means of forcing locality on co-dominance: it bans co-dominance by non- adjacent roots. Thus, because features and association lines are indestructible, the key Autosegmental properties of Integrity and Inalterability are predicted to occur. Long distance dependencies are then considered. From the perspective of structural integrity, discontinuous geminates in planar morphologies are more like fake geminates than true geminates, which is predicted by the Sharing Constraint. Only a tiny amount of nontonal data can be presented in favor of non-local multiple association which feeds phonological rules: Chaha displays non-local inalterability and Javanese, the opposite (side-effects). Thus the balance of evidence is against a single mechanism uniting local and non-local multiple association.

Publication Year: 1998
Publisher: Garland Publishers
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Phonology
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Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0815319490
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 280pp
Prices: $61