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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Book Information

   
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Title: Autosegmental Representation in a Declarative Constraint-Based Framework
Written By: James M. Scobbie
Description:

The book examines the formal characterization of multiple association from the perspective of a declarative constraint-based phonological framework. Both the autosegmental and constraint-based aspects of the book are highly relevant to recent developments in phonological theory, predating the current interest in constraint interaction and optimization. Inspired by the empirical and formal success of Unification-Based grammars, all phonological rules and representations are interpreted as hard constraints on well-formedness. In general then, constraints are simply conjoined, and faithfulness to the lexical entry is obligatory. Alternations arise from underspecification . The multiple sequenced tiers of Autosegmental Phonology are shown to be redundant, and linear order is limited to the root tier. Association is then defined as the inverse of dominance within the feature geometry, so multiple association is co-dominance of a feature by two roots. The No Crossing Constraint is not applicable since non-root features are not on sequenced tiers, and the Sharing Constraint is introduced instead as the key means of forcing locality on co-dominance: it bans co-dominance by non- adjacent roots. Thus, because features and association lines are indestructible, the key Autosegmental properties of Integrity and Inalterability are predicted to occur. Long distance dependencies are then considered. From the perspective of structural integrity, discontinuous geminates in planar morphologies are more like fake geminates than true geminates, which is predicted by the Sharing Constraint. Only a tiny amount of nontonal data can be presented in favor of non-local multiple association which feeds phonological rules: Chaha displays non-local inalterability and Javanese, the opposite (side-effects). Thus the balance of evidence is against a single mechanism uniting local and non-local multiple association.

Publication Year: 1998
Publisher: Garland Publishers
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Phonology
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Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0815319490
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 280pp
Prices: $61