"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Computing Natural Language pursues the recent increased interest in the interface of logic, language and computation, with applications to artificial intelligence and machine learning. It contains a variety of contributions to the logical and computational analysis of natural language. A wide range of logical and computational tools are employed and applied to such varied areas as context-dependency, linguistic discourse, and formal grammar; This volume is a collection of papers illustrating state-of-the-art interdisciplinary research collecting logic, language, computation and AI. The papers in this volume deal with context-dependency from philosophical, computational, and logical points of view. A logical framework for combining dynamic discourse semantics and preferential reasoning in AI is also presented. Other subjects include negative polarity items in connection with affective predicates; Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar from a perspective of type theory and category theory; and an axiomatic theory of machine learning of natural language, with applications to physics word problems.