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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Book Information

   
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Title: Semantic Cognition
Subtitle: A Parallel Distributed Processing Approach
Written By: Timothy T. Rogers
James L. McLelland
URL: http://mitpress.mit.edu/promotions/books/SP20040262182394
Series Title: Bradford Books
Description:

This groundbreaking monograph offers a mechanistic theory of the
representation and use of semantic knowledge, integrating the strengths and
overcoming many of the weaknesses of hierarchical, categorization-based
approaches, similarity-based approaches, and the approach often called
"theory theory." Building on earlier models by Geoff Hinton in the 1980s
and David Rumelhart in the early 1990s, the authors propose that
performance in semantic tasks arises through the propagation of graded
signals in a system of interconnected processing units. The representations
used in performing these tasks are patterns of activation across units,
governed by weighted connections among them. Semantic knowledge is acquired
through the gradual adjustment of the strengths of these connections in the
course of day-to-day experience.

The authors show how a simple computational model proposed by Rumelhart
exhibits a progressive differentiation of conceptual knowledge, paralleling
aspects of cognitive development seen in the work of Frank Keil and Jean
Mandler. The authors extend the model to address aspects of conceptual
knowledge acquisition in infancy, disintegration of conceptual knowledge in
dementia, "basic-level" effects and their interaction with expertise, and
many findings introduced to support the idea that semantic cognition is
guided by naive, domain-specific theories.

Timothy T. Rogers is a research scientist at the Medical Research Council
Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit in Cambridge, England. James L.
McClelland is Bingham Professor of Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience at
Carnegie Mellon University and Codirector of the Center for the Neural
Basis of Cognition at Carnegie Mellon and the University of Pittsburgh. He
is the author, with David E. Rumelhart and the PDP Research Group, of
Parallel Distributed Processing: Explorations in the Microstructure of
Cognition (MIT Press, 1986).

Publication Year: 2004
Publisher: MIT Press
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Linguistic Theories
Semantics
Neurolinguistics
Cognitive Science
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0262182394
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 480
Prices: U.S. $ 50