"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Tajik is a South-West Iranian language that is genetically closely related
to such major languages as Persian and Dari. Most Tajik speakers are in
Tajikistan and Uzbekistan; within Uzbekistan, Samarqand and Bukhara are
particularly densely populated by Tajik speakers. In the beginning of the
twentieth century, Tajik was considered by a number of writers and
researchers to be a variety of Persian. The language that this book
describes is the modern Tajik language which is referred to in the Soviet
linguistic literature typically as zaboni khozirai tojik. The morphological
segmentability of Tajik words is markedly high compared to words in the
Indo-Iranian predecessors of Tajik, which makes Tajik morphologically more
agglutinative than inflectional. Outstanding features of Tajik include the
modal opposition between the indicative mood and the mood of indirect
evidence, i.e. the inferential mood, that pervades the verbal system, and
the utilization of both post-nominal and pre-nominal relative clauses.