PERGUNTAS DE CONSTITUINTE EM IBIBIO E A TEORIA DE TIPO ORACIONAL: ASPECTOS
DA PERIFERIA À ESQUERDA COM ÊNFASE EM FOCO (Wh questions in Ibibio and
Theory of Sentence Type – Aspects of the Left Periphery with Emphasis at Focus)
This study examines the Ibibio language data in the form of constituent
questioning (Wh questions), aiming to reach an explanatory account of the
facts, following the tracks of the Generative Grammar studies.
There are two central goals: (i) to provide a morphosyntactic verbal
analysis of Ibibio, emphasizing the notion of auxiliary focus; (ii) to show
that Ibibio is a "Wh in-situ" language, regarding the universal parameters
related to the "Wh movement". This research establishes that the verbal
morphology of the language presents affixes of both the flexional and the
derivational types; Time and Aspects flexion affixes also exhibit a set of
allomorphs involving [+focus]/[-focus]. I.e., Ibibio behaves like many
African languages, which present allomorphs attested by the literature to
be auxiliary focus ([+focus]). Time and Aspect Ibibio allomorphs [+focus]
are mandatory in sentences with questioning of constituents, as well as in
relative sentences as in sentences that present affixal marks of Mode or
Negation. So, by the parameterization of languages regarding the "Wh
movement", the examination of constituent questioning sentences in Ibibio
leads to the conclusion that they are "Wh in situ" sentences and also that
the movement of those constituents to the left periphery of the sentences
cannot be properly described as the "Wh movement"; instead, this movement
is due for focus checking.
An ethnographic description of the Ibibio people, emphasizing the social
organization of this West African culture, is presented in the first
chapter of the dissertation, with the purpose of avoiding that the strictly
linguistic information on the Ibibio (those that speak the Ibibio language)
remained isolated. (Written in Portuguese).
KEY WORDS: Ibibio Language; Wh-Phrases; Wh-in-Situ Language; Auxiliary
Focus; Left Periphery.