"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Aymara, a member of the Jaqi family of languages (Jaqaru, Kawki, Aymara),
is a language of the high Andean plain between the highest peaks of the
Andes mountains and of the shores of the world's highest navigable lake.
Aymara is the first language of approximately one-third of the population
of Bolivia, the dominant language of the southern area of Perz throughout
Puno and down towards the coast in Moquegua, Tacna, with branches into
Arequipa, and is the indigenous language of northern Chile. Aymara is a
suffixing language with complex morphophonemics. The bulk of the
grammatical resources are found within the morphology. Syntax is
morphologically marked; verbal person suffixes mark simultaneously
object/subject; data source is marked at all levels of grammar. Within the
nominal system inclusive/exclusive and humanness are marked. The Aymara
sentence is defined by the use of sentence suffixes. These sentence
suffixes are independent of root classes and may occur on all classes.
Every sentence must be marked by one or more sentence suffix, which serves
to define the sentence type. Aymara has 26 consonant phonemes and three
vowel phonemes. Fifteen of the consonants are voiceless stops which occur
in five contrasting positions of articulation; and in three manners. Vowel
dropping is significant, complex and pervasive, marking case and phrase
structure as well as style.